Zirconium sulfate supported on activated carbon as catalyst for esterification of oleic acid by n-butanol under solvent-free conditions

Joon Ching Juan, Jingchang Zhang, Yajie Jiang, Weiliang Cao, Mohd. Ambar Yarmo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

It has been shown that the activated carbon-supported zirconium sulfate (ZS) is an efficient solid catalyst for the esterification of oleic acid by n-butanol under solvent-free condition. The effect of mole ratio of the reactant, time and catalyst loading on the conversion was examined. The correlation among XRD, nitrogen adsorption data and catalytic activity suggested that ZS has been finely dispersed on activated carbon, which are active in the esterification of oleic acid. The reaction shows that the supported ZS exhibits a higher activity than that of parent ZS and conventional resins.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)153-158
Number of pages6
JournalCatalysis Letters
Volume117
Issue number3-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2007

Fingerprint

1-Butanol
oleic acid
Oleic acid
Esterification
activated carbon
Oleic Acid
Butenes
Zirconium
Activated carbon
Sulfates
sulfates
catalysts
Catalysts
resins
catalytic activity
Catalyst activity
Nitrogen
Resins
Adsorption
nitrogen

Keywords

  • Activated carbon
  • Esterification
  • Oleic acid
  • Zirconium sulfate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Catalysis

Cite this

Zirconium sulfate supported on activated carbon as catalyst for esterification of oleic acid by n-butanol under solvent-free conditions. / Juan, Joon Ching; Zhang, Jingchang; Jiang, Yajie; Cao, Weiliang; Yarmo, Mohd. Ambar.

In: Catalysis Letters, Vol. 117, No. 3-4, 09.2007, p. 153-158.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Juan, Joon Ching ; Zhang, Jingchang ; Jiang, Yajie ; Cao, Weiliang ; Yarmo, Mohd. Ambar. / Zirconium sulfate supported on activated carbon as catalyst for esterification of oleic acid by n-butanol under solvent-free conditions. In: Catalysis Letters. 2007 ; Vol. 117, No. 3-4. pp. 153-158.
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AB - It has been shown that the activated carbon-supported zirconium sulfate (ZS) is an efficient solid catalyst for the esterification of oleic acid by n-butanol under solvent-free condition. The effect of mole ratio of the reactant, time and catalyst loading on the conversion was examined. The correlation among XRD, nitrogen adsorption data and catalytic activity suggested that ZS has been finely dispersed on activated carbon, which are active in the esterification of oleic acid. The reaction shows that the supported ZS exhibits a higher activity than that of parent ZS and conventional resins.

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