Zero discharge treatment technology of palm oil mill effluent

Soh Kheang Loh, Mei Ee Lai, Muzzammil Ngatiman, Weng Soon Lim, Yuen May Choo, Zhenjia Zhang, Jumat Salimon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Palm oil processing operation is invariably accompanied by palm oil mill effluent (POME) considered to be an environmental pollutant. While anaerobic digestion and the present tertiary treatment technologies of POME are able to meet the current regulatory effluent discharge requirement of biological oxygen demand (BOD) 100 mg litre-1 - the current limit set by the Department of Environment (DOE) - the existing technologies are unable to consistently meet the proposed stringent BOD regulatory requirement of 20 mg litre -1 to be imposed by the DOE. This article investigates the possibility of integrating several bioprocesses for POME treatment at the Malaysian palm oil mills by transforming the POME into several high valueadded products; with BOD 20 mg litre-1 attainable at its final discharge. This integrated approach has the potential of achieving zero-effluent discharge along with the production of biogas, biofertiliser and recycled water, in treating industrial wastewater to reduce pollution.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)273-281
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Oil Palm Research
Volume25
Issue numberDEC
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Fingerprint

oil mill effluents
Palm oil
biochemical oxygen demand
Effluents
Technology
Biological Oxygen Demand Analysis
effluents
biofertilizers
anaerobic digestion
biogas
palm oils
wastewater
Environmental Pollutants
Effluent treatment
Anaerobic digestion
Biofuels
pollution
pollutants
Biogas
Waste Water

Keywords

  • Biofertiliser
  • Biogas
  • Biological oxygen demand
  • Biological treatment
  • Wastewater

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Food Science
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Biomaterials

Cite this

Loh, S. K., Lai, M. E., Ngatiman, M., Lim, W. S., Choo, Y. M., Zhang, Z., & Salimon, J. (2013). Zero discharge treatment technology of palm oil mill effluent. Journal of Oil Palm Research, 25(DEC), 273-281.

Zero discharge treatment technology of palm oil mill effluent. / Loh, Soh Kheang; Lai, Mei Ee; Ngatiman, Muzzammil; Lim, Weng Soon; Choo, Yuen May; Zhang, Zhenjia; Salimon, Jumat.

In: Journal of Oil Palm Research, Vol. 25, No. DEC, 2013, p. 273-281.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Loh, SK, Lai, ME, Ngatiman, M, Lim, WS, Choo, YM, Zhang, Z & Salimon, J 2013, 'Zero discharge treatment technology of palm oil mill effluent', Journal of Oil Palm Research, vol. 25, no. DEC, pp. 273-281.
Loh SK, Lai ME, Ngatiman M, Lim WS, Choo YM, Zhang Z et al. Zero discharge treatment technology of palm oil mill effluent. Journal of Oil Palm Research. 2013;25(DEC):273-281.
Loh, Soh Kheang ; Lai, Mei Ee ; Ngatiman, Muzzammil ; Lim, Weng Soon ; Choo, Yuen May ; Zhang, Zhenjia ; Salimon, Jumat. / Zero discharge treatment technology of palm oil mill effluent. In: Journal of Oil Palm Research. 2013 ; Vol. 25, No. DEC. pp. 273-281.
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