X-ray fluorescence and X-ray diffraction analysis of ancient bricks from the temple SEG-II (Ubur Lempeng), Batujaya, Indonesia

Muhamad Shafiq Mohd Ali, Zuliskandar Ramli, Nik Hassan Shuhaimi Nik Abdul Rahman, Abdul Latif Samian, Muhammad Rizal Razman, Bambang Budi Utomo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine whether the ancient bricks from Candi SEG II (Lempeng) are made from local raw material or otherwise. Candi SEG II located in cultivation area has unearthed various interesting artefacts like fragment of pottery, rouletted pottery, glass beads, animal bones, skeletons and inscriptions with Palava characters. The main construction materials used to build the temple consisted of bricks and limestone was used as a mortar. The upper part of the temple is believed to have been built using wooden structures and the roof used palm leaves. Scientific analysis on the bricks shows that local raw material was used to produce these bricks. Scientific analysis using the X-ray fluorescence technique and X-ray diffraction technique can determine the chemical composition of the bricks, among others the mineral content of the bricks as well as the major element and trace element contents. The usage of local raw material also demonstrated the local wisdom in temple construction technology and also technique in producing bricks that had existed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)197-200
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Food, Agriculture and Environment
Volume13
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Fingerprint

bricks
Indonesia
Calcium Carbonate
Trace Elements
X-ray fluorescence
Skeleton
X-ray diffraction
X-Ray Diffraction
Artifacts
Glass
Minerals
X-radiation
Fluorescence
X-Rays
fluorescence
Technology
Bone and Bones
raw materials
construction technology
mortar

Keywords

  • Ancient bricks
  • Archaeometry
  • Candi Segaran II
  • X-ray diffraction
  • X-ray fluorescence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Environmental Science(all)

Cite this

X-ray fluorescence and X-ray diffraction analysis of ancient bricks from the temple SEG-II (Ubur Lempeng), Batujaya, Indonesia. / Ali, Muhamad Shafiq Mohd; Ramli, Zuliskandar; Rahman, Nik Hassan Shuhaimi Nik Abdul; Samian, Abdul Latif; Razman, Muhammad Rizal; Utomo, Bambang Budi.

In: Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment, Vol. 13, No. 2, 2015, p. 197-200.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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