X-ray diffraction studies on fiber of oil palm empty fruit bunch and rubberwood for medium-density fiberboard

Mohamad Deraman, Sarani Zakaria, M. Husin, A. A. Aziz, R. Ramli, A. Mokhtar, M. N M Yusof, M. H. Sahri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Alternative materials to rubberwood (RWD) fiber particularly fibers from oil palm empty fruit bunch (EFB) in producing such fiberboards were studied. However, boards prepared from the EFB fiber failed to satisfy the thickness swelling and water absorption tests. The cellulose in both EFB and RWD fibers was studied using the X-ray diffraction method. Its principle is that the crystalline and amorphous cellulose in the fiber will have sharp and broad peaks, respectively. In the crystalline region, the cellulose chains are arranged orderly in a three-dimensional crystal lattice and in the amorphous region, the chains have much less orientation with respect to each other. The diffraction profile for the EFB and RWD samples are interpreted and discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)249-253
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Materials Science Letters
Volume18
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1999

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Palm oil
Fruits
X ray diffraction
Fibers
Cellulose
Crystalline materials
Water absorption
Crystal lattices
Swelling
Diffraction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

X-ray diffraction studies on fiber of oil palm empty fruit bunch and rubberwood for medium-density fiberboard. / Deraman, Mohamad; Zakaria, Sarani; Husin, M.; Aziz, A. A.; Ramli, R.; Mokhtar, A.; Yusof, M. N M; Sahri, M. H.

In: Journal of Materials Science Letters, Vol. 18, No. 3, 1999, p. 249-253.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Deraman, Mohamad ; Zakaria, Sarani ; Husin, M. ; Aziz, A. A. ; Ramli, R. ; Mokhtar, A. ; Yusof, M. N M ; Sahri, M. H. / X-ray diffraction studies on fiber of oil palm empty fruit bunch and rubberwood for medium-density fiberboard. In: Journal of Materials Science Letters. 1999 ; Vol. 18, No. 3. pp. 249-253.
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