X-ray diffraction and X-ray fluorescent analyses of prehistoric pottery shards from Ulu Kelantan

Zuliskandar Ramli, Nik Hassan Shuhaimi Nik Abdul Rahman, Adnan Jusoh, Yunus Sauman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Problem statement: X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) and X-Ray Fluorescent (XRF) were used in order to obtain mineralogical and elemental composition of seven pottery shards that have been unearthed during the excavation at Peraling Cave and Cha Cave in Ulu Kelantan, Malaysia. Approach: Peraling Cave and Cha Cave were prehistoric sites dating from 10, 000 BC which were inhabited by Hoabinhian people and then continuously used by people of Neolithic culture around 3000 BC. Results: Mineralogical and elemental analyses were carried out to determine whether the pottery found in the archaeological sites was locally made or trading items. Several clay samples from rivers in Ulu Kelantan such as Perias River, Chai River, Peralon River, Nenggiri River, Betis River and Jenera River were taken to be analysed. Conclusion/Recommendations: Mineralogical and elemental content of the pottery shards showed that the pottery shards did not originate from the Ulu Kelantan area and one of the samples contained clinochlore mineral. Clinochlore forms from the metamorphic and hydrothermal alterations of other iron and magnesium silicate minerals and is usually found in igneus rock and metamorphic rock formation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1337-1342
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Applied Sciences
Volume8
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Fingerprint

X-ray diffraction
cave
river
clinochlore
silicate mineral
hydrothermal alteration
metamorphic rock
magnesium
excavation
iron
clay
mineral
rock

Keywords

  • Pottery
  • Ulu Kelantan
  • X-ray diffraction (XRD)
  • X-ray fluorescent (XRF)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

X-ray diffraction and X-ray fluorescent analyses of prehistoric pottery shards from Ulu Kelantan. / Ramli, Zuliskandar; Rahman, Nik Hassan Shuhaimi Nik Abdul; Jusoh, Adnan; Sauman, Yunus.

In: American Journal of Applied Sciences, Vol. 8, No. 12, 2011, p. 1337-1342.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ramli, Zuliskandar ; Rahman, Nik Hassan Shuhaimi Nik Abdul ; Jusoh, Adnan ; Sauman, Yunus. / X-ray diffraction and X-ray fluorescent analyses of prehistoric pottery shards from Ulu Kelantan. In: American Journal of Applied Sciences. 2011 ; Vol. 8, No. 12. pp. 1337-1342.
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