X-ray diffraction and X-ray fluorescence of clay and soil samples in sub district of Bujang and Merbok, Kedah, Malaysia

Zuliskandar Ramli, Nik Hassan Shuhaimi Nik Abdul Rahman, Jamaluddin Md Jahi, Muhammad Rizal Razman, Sharifah Zarina Syed Zakaria, Hossein Sarhaddi Dadian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Bujang River, Baru River and the surrounding areas of Bujang and Merbok sub district contain some ancient heritage such as temples or candi and several ancient entreports, which are rich in archaeological data. Several of these ancient temples or candi were made from clay bricks. In order to determine whether the bricks were made using local resources, which are clay, a scientific analysis on the chemical composition of the clay therefore has to be conducted. Analysis on the clay samples of Bujang River, Baru River and clay taken from the surrounding areas of Mukim Bujang and Mukim Merbok was done by using techniques such as X-ray diffraction (XRD) and X-ray fluorescence (XRF), which can determine the mineral content and major and trace elements of the clay. Results show that the mineral content of clay from Bujang River, Baru River and the clay taken from the surrounding areas of Mukim Bujang and Mukim Merbok consists of minerals such as quartz, kaolinite, illite, muscovite, microcline, orthoclase, montmorillonite, gibbsite and albite. Scatter plot analysis of major and trace elements shows that in certain areas, the clay samples have their own compositional characteristics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1061-1065
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Food, Agriculture and Environment
Volume12
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Malaysia
X-ray fluorescence
X-ray diffraction
X-Ray Diffraction
X-radiation
Soil
soil sampling
Fluorescence
clay
X-Rays
fluorescence
Rivers
rivers
soil
river
Minerals
bricks
Trace Elements
mineral content
trace elements

Keywords

  • Bricks
  • Clay
  • Compositional characteristics
  • X-ray diffraction
  • X-ray fluorescence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Environmental Science(all)

Cite this

X-ray diffraction and X-ray fluorescence of clay and soil samples in sub district of Bujang and Merbok, Kedah, Malaysia. / Ramli, Zuliskandar; Abdul Rahman, Nik Hassan Shuhaimi Nik; Jahi, Jamaluddin Md; Razman, Muhammad Rizal; Syed Zakaria, Sharifah Zarina; Dadian, Hossein Sarhaddi.

In: Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment, Vol. 12, No. 2, 2014, p. 1061-1065.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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