X-ray diffraction and X-ray fluorescence analysis of pottery shards from new archaeological survey in south region of Sistan, Iran

Hossein Sarhaddi-Dadian, Zuliskandar Ramli, Nik Hassan Shuhaimi Nik Abdul Rahman, Reza Mehrafarin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of this study is to determine whether pottery shards from new archaeological survey in south region of Sistan are locally made or imported. Many artefacts especially pottery shards have been found during the archaeological survey. These pottery shards are variable in color; from buff, grey, black, and red. The analytical techniques involved X-Ray Fluorescence (XRF) and X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), that were applied to determine the major and trace elements and also the mineral content of the pottery shards. The results show that most of the pottery shards taken from archaeological survey in Sistan are locally made. Two of the samples from Islamic Period however shows a different content of chemical composition compared to other shards suggesting a different that Sistan origin. A prehistoric shard also shows a different in chemical composition and not originated from Sistan area. The analysis of pottery shards indicate that since prehistoric period, there has been a local production and trade activity in Sintan that continues until the Islamic Period. Result of the analysis also shows that local community at Sistan since prehistoric period are very skilful and keep a tradition in pottery making until Islamic Period.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)45-56
Number of pages12
JournalMediterranean Archaeology and Archaeometry
Volume15
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Fingerprint

Iran
artifact
community
X-ray Fluorescence Analysis
Pottery
Archaeological Survey
X-ray Diffraction
Islamic Period
Chemical Composition

Keywords

  • Iran
  • Pottery
  • Shahr-I Sokhta
  • Sistan
  • X-ray fluorescence (XRF) and X-ray diffraction (XRD)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Archaeology
  • Archaeology

Cite this

X-ray diffraction and X-ray fluorescence analysis of pottery shards from new archaeological survey in south region of Sistan, Iran. / Sarhaddi-Dadian, Hossein; Ramli, Zuliskandar; Abdul Rahman, Nik Hassan Shuhaimi Nik; Mehrafarin, Reza.

In: Mediterranean Archaeology and Archaeometry, Vol. 15, No. 3, 2015, p. 45-56.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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