Whistle blowing and research integrity: Potential remedy for research misconduct in Malaysian institutions of higher education

Angelina Patrick Olesen, Latifah Amin, Zurina Mahadi, Maznah Ibrahim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study found that less than half of the respondents are willing to blow the whistle. The results reveal that a lack of protection with regard to the whistleblower’s identity, the tedious investigative process, and the notion of avoiding confrontation, which is more apparent in Asian cultures as compared to the West, are among the reasons why individuals who witnessed misconduct chose to remain silent. Adhering to the Asian cultural upbringing where the young must respect the old, those of lower rank must obey those with higher authority, and subordinates do not question the actions of their superior, has become a norm even in the working environment. Therefore, emphasize the need for better protection for whistleblowers including using experienced individuals with a research ethics background to handle allegations from whistleblowers. In addition, established guidelines and procedures for whistleblowers with regard to voicing their allegations against colleagues engaged in research misconduct is still lacking or, to a certain extent, is still unknown to researchers. Thus, the concern indicates a need for institutions to create awareness among researchers regarding the existing platform for whistleblowers, or to develop a systematic and clear procedure which is reliable and independent to promote professionalism in academia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17-32
Number of pages16
JournalAccountability in Research
Volume26
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jan 2019

Fingerprint

remedies
integrity
research ethics
respect
education
lack
professionalism

Keywords

  • Cultural norms
  • Malaysia
  • research integrity
  • research misconduct
  • whistleblower

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Library and Information Sciences

Cite this

@article{81a6d4953b334995897ca18d1a4bab4f,
title = "Whistle blowing and research integrity: Potential remedy for research misconduct in Malaysian institutions of higher education",
abstract = "This study found that less than half of the respondents are willing to blow the whistle. The results reveal that a lack of protection with regard to the whistleblower’s identity, the tedious investigative process, and the notion of avoiding confrontation, which is more apparent in Asian cultures as compared to the West, are among the reasons why individuals who witnessed misconduct chose to remain silent. Adhering to the Asian cultural upbringing where the young must respect the old, those of lower rank must obey those with higher authority, and subordinates do not question the actions of their superior, has become a norm even in the working environment. Therefore, emphasize the need for better protection for whistleblowers including using experienced individuals with a research ethics background to handle allegations from whistleblowers. In addition, established guidelines and procedures for whistleblowers with regard to voicing their allegations against colleagues engaged in research misconduct is still lacking or, to a certain extent, is still unknown to researchers. Thus, the concern indicates a need for institutions to create awareness among researchers regarding the existing platform for whistleblowers, or to develop a systematic and clear procedure which is reliable and independent to promote professionalism in academia.",
keywords = "Cultural norms, Malaysia, research integrity, research misconduct, whistleblower",
author = "Olesen, {Angelina Patrick} and Latifah Amin and Zurina Mahadi and Maznah Ibrahim",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "2",
doi = "10.1080/08989621.2018.1554444",
language = "English",
volume = "26",
pages = "17--32",
journal = "Accountability in Research",
issn = "0898-9621",
publisher = "Taylor and Francis Ltd.",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Whistle blowing and research integrity

T2 - Potential remedy for research misconduct in Malaysian institutions of higher education

AU - Olesen, Angelina Patrick

AU - Amin, Latifah

AU - Mahadi, Zurina

AU - Ibrahim, Maznah

PY - 2019/1/2

Y1 - 2019/1/2

N2 - This study found that less than half of the respondents are willing to blow the whistle. The results reveal that a lack of protection with regard to the whistleblower’s identity, the tedious investigative process, and the notion of avoiding confrontation, which is more apparent in Asian cultures as compared to the West, are among the reasons why individuals who witnessed misconduct chose to remain silent. Adhering to the Asian cultural upbringing where the young must respect the old, those of lower rank must obey those with higher authority, and subordinates do not question the actions of their superior, has become a norm even in the working environment. Therefore, emphasize the need for better protection for whistleblowers including using experienced individuals with a research ethics background to handle allegations from whistleblowers. In addition, established guidelines and procedures for whistleblowers with regard to voicing their allegations against colleagues engaged in research misconduct is still lacking or, to a certain extent, is still unknown to researchers. Thus, the concern indicates a need for institutions to create awareness among researchers regarding the existing platform for whistleblowers, or to develop a systematic and clear procedure which is reliable and independent to promote professionalism in academia.

AB - This study found that less than half of the respondents are willing to blow the whistle. The results reveal that a lack of protection with regard to the whistleblower’s identity, the tedious investigative process, and the notion of avoiding confrontation, which is more apparent in Asian cultures as compared to the West, are among the reasons why individuals who witnessed misconduct chose to remain silent. Adhering to the Asian cultural upbringing where the young must respect the old, those of lower rank must obey those with higher authority, and subordinates do not question the actions of their superior, has become a norm even in the working environment. Therefore, emphasize the need for better protection for whistleblowers including using experienced individuals with a research ethics background to handle allegations from whistleblowers. In addition, established guidelines and procedures for whistleblowers with regard to voicing their allegations against colleagues engaged in research misconduct is still lacking or, to a certain extent, is still unknown to researchers. Thus, the concern indicates a need for institutions to create awareness among researchers regarding the existing platform for whistleblowers, or to develop a systematic and clear procedure which is reliable and independent to promote professionalism in academia.

KW - Cultural norms

KW - Malaysia

KW - research integrity

KW - research misconduct

KW - whistleblower

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85058146971&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85058146971&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/08989621.2018.1554444

DO - 10.1080/08989621.2018.1554444

M3 - Article

C2 - 30489163

AN - SCOPUS:85058146971

VL - 26

SP - 17

EP - 32

JO - Accountability in Research

JF - Accountability in Research

SN - 0898-9621

IS - 1

ER -