What are the direct medical costs of managing type 2 diabetes mellitus in Malaysia?

Feisul Idzwan Mustapha, Soraya Azmi, Mohd Rizal Abdul Manaf, Zanariah Hussein, Nik Jasmin Nik Mahir, Fatanah Ismail, Azimatun Noor Aizuddin, Adrian Goh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: An economic analysis was performed to estimate the annual cost of diabetes mellitus to Malaysia. Methods: We combined published data and clinical pathways to estimate cost of follow-up and complications, then calculated the overall national cost. Costs consisted of diabetes follow-up and complications costs. Results: Patient follow-up was estimated at RM459 per year. Complications cost were RM42,362 per patient per year for nephropathy, RM4,817 for myocardial infarction, RM5,345 for stroke, RM3,880 for heart failure, RM5,519 for foot amputation, RM479 for retinopathy and RM4,812 for cataract extraction. Conclusion: Overall, we estimated the total cost of diabetes as RM2.04 billion per year for year 2011 (both public and private sector). Of this, RM1.40 billion per year was incurred by the government. Despite some limitations, we believe our study provides insight to the actual cost of diabetes to the country. The high cost to the nation highlights the importance of primary and secondary prevention.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)271-277
Number of pages7
JournalMedical Journal of Malaysia
Volume72
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2017

Fingerprint

Malaysia
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Costs and Cost Analysis
Critical Pathways
Private Sector
Cataract Extraction
Public Sector
Primary Prevention
Secondary Prevention
Amputation
Foot
Diabetes Mellitus
Heart Failure
Stroke
Myocardial Infarction
Economics

Keywords

  • Cost
  • Diabetes
  • Diabetic complication
  • Expenditure
  • Malaysia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Mustapha, F. I., Azmi, S., Abdul Manaf, M. R., Hussein, Z., Mahir, N. J. N., Ismail, F., ... Goh, A. (2017). What are the direct medical costs of managing type 2 diabetes mellitus in Malaysia? Medical Journal of Malaysia, 72(5), 271-277.

What are the direct medical costs of managing type 2 diabetes mellitus in Malaysia? / Mustapha, Feisul Idzwan; Azmi, Soraya; Abdul Manaf, Mohd Rizal; Hussein, Zanariah; Mahir, Nik Jasmin Nik; Ismail, Fatanah; Aizuddin, Azimatun Noor; Goh, Adrian.

In: Medical Journal of Malaysia, Vol. 72, No. 5, 01.10.2017, p. 271-277.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mustapha, FI, Azmi, S, Abdul Manaf, MR, Hussein, Z, Mahir, NJN, Ismail, F, Aizuddin, AN & Goh, A 2017, 'What are the direct medical costs of managing type 2 diabetes mellitus in Malaysia?', Medical Journal of Malaysia, vol. 72, no. 5, pp. 271-277.
Mustapha FI, Azmi S, Abdul Manaf MR, Hussein Z, Mahir NJN, Ismail F et al. What are the direct medical costs of managing type 2 diabetes mellitus in Malaysia? Medical Journal of Malaysia. 2017 Oct 1;72(5):271-277.
Mustapha, Feisul Idzwan ; Azmi, Soraya ; Abdul Manaf, Mohd Rizal ; Hussein, Zanariah ; Mahir, Nik Jasmin Nik ; Ismail, Fatanah ; Aizuddin, Azimatun Noor ; Goh, Adrian. / What are the direct medical costs of managing type 2 diabetes mellitus in Malaysia?. In: Medical Journal of Malaysia. 2017 ; Vol. 72, No. 5. pp. 271-277.
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