Weight status among Iranian adolescents: Comparison of four different criteria

Nimah Bahreini, Mohd Ismail Noor, Bee Koon Poh, Ruzita Abd. Talib, Syarif Husin Lubis, Marjan Ganjali Dashti, Amin Salehi-Abargouei, Ahmad Esmaillzadeh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Obesity or being overweight is a major health problem in Iran. Only few studies are available that compare the obesity prevalence by four diferent available criteria. Te aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of overweight and obesity among Isfahani adolescents based on four diferent defnitions. Materials and Methods: Tis cross-sectional study was conducted on 3002 Isfahani students (1377 males; 1625 females) aged 11-18 years. Anthropometric measurements including weight and height were measured and body mass index (BMI) was calculated. Sex-specifc BMI-for-age reference data of the Iranian national data, Center for Disease Control data (CDC2000), International Obesity taskforce data (IOTF), and recent World Health Organization (WHO) data was used to defne overweight and obesity. Results: Te mean age of the studied population was 14.8 years and the mean BMI was 20.3 kg/m2. Girls were on an average 1.4 years older and had almost one unit higher BMI than boys. Underweight was prevalent among almost 38.5% and 25.5% of adolescents as per WHO2007 and national Iranian cut-of points, respectively. Te prevalence rates reached 39.5% and 45.8% by IOTF and CDC2000 criteria, respectively. Te highest prevalence of overweight was obtained by IOTF cut-points (30.5%), while CDC2000 criteria, WHO2007, and national Iranian cut-points gave similar prevalence results (4.7%, 4.0%, and 4.4%); 2.4% of the studied population were found to be obese by WHO2007 defnition, while this rate was 0.8%, 0.5%, and 0.8% by IOTF, CDC2000, and national Iranian cut-points. Conclusion: Almost all defnitions revealed coexistence of underweight, overweight, and obesity among Isfahani adolescents. Huge diferences exist between diferent criteria for assessing weight status among children. To understand the best appropriate criteria for Iranian adolescents, future studies should focus on the predictability of obesity related co-morbidities by these criteria.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)641-646
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Research in Medical Sciences
Volume18
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Fingerprint

Obesity
Weights and Measures
Body Mass Index
Thinness
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.S.)
Iran
Population
Cross-Sectional Studies
Students
Morbidity
Health

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Body mass index
  • Obesity
  • Overweight
  • Prevalence
  • Weight

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Bahreini, N., Noor, M. I., Poh, B. K., Abd. Talib, R., Lubis, S. H., Ganjali Dashti, M., ... Esmaillzadeh, A. (2013). Weight status among Iranian adolescents: Comparison of four different criteria. Journal of Research in Medical Sciences, 18(8), 641-646.

Weight status among Iranian adolescents : Comparison of four different criteria. / Bahreini, Nimah; Noor, Mohd Ismail; Poh, Bee Koon; Abd. Talib, Ruzita; Lubis, Syarif Husin; Ganjali Dashti, Marjan; Salehi-Abargouei, Amin; Esmaillzadeh, Ahmad.

In: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences, Vol. 18, No. 8, 2013, p. 641-646.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bahreini, N, Noor, MI, Poh, BK, Abd. Talib, R, Lubis, SH, Ganjali Dashti, M, Salehi-Abargouei, A & Esmaillzadeh, A 2013, 'Weight status among Iranian adolescents: Comparison of four different criteria', Journal of Research in Medical Sciences, vol. 18, no. 8, pp. 641-646.
Bahreini, Nimah ; Noor, Mohd Ismail ; Poh, Bee Koon ; Abd. Talib, Ruzita ; Lubis, Syarif Husin ; Ganjali Dashti, Marjan ; Salehi-Abargouei, Amin ; Esmaillzadeh, Ahmad. / Weight status among Iranian adolescents : Comparison of four different criteria. In: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences. 2013 ; Vol. 18, No. 8. pp. 641-646.
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abstract = "Background: Obesity or being overweight is a major health problem in Iran. Only few studies are available that compare the obesity prevalence by four diferent available criteria. Te aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of overweight and obesity among Isfahani adolescents based on four diferent defnitions. Materials and Methods: Tis cross-sectional study was conducted on 3002 Isfahani students (1377 males; 1625 females) aged 11-18 years. Anthropometric measurements including weight and height were measured and body mass index (BMI) was calculated. Sex-specifc BMI-for-age reference data of the Iranian national data, Center for Disease Control data (CDC2000), International Obesity taskforce data (IOTF), and recent World Health Organization (WHO) data was used to defne overweight and obesity. Results: Te mean age of the studied population was 14.8 years and the mean BMI was 20.3 kg/m2. Girls were on an average 1.4 years older and had almost one unit higher BMI than boys. Underweight was prevalent among almost 38.5{\%} and 25.5{\%} of adolescents as per WHO2007 and national Iranian cut-of points, respectively. Te prevalence rates reached 39.5{\%} and 45.8{\%} by IOTF and CDC2000 criteria, respectively. Te highest prevalence of overweight was obtained by IOTF cut-points (30.5{\%}), while CDC2000 criteria, WHO2007, and national Iranian cut-points gave similar prevalence results (4.7{\%}, 4.0{\%}, and 4.4{\%}); 2.4{\%} of the studied population were found to be obese by WHO2007 defnition, while this rate was 0.8{\%}, 0.5{\%}, and 0.8{\%} by IOTF, CDC2000, and national Iranian cut-points. Conclusion: Almost all defnitions revealed coexistence of underweight, overweight, and obesity among Isfahani adolescents. Huge diferences exist between diferent criteria for assessing weight status among children. To understand the best appropriate criteria for Iranian adolescents, future studies should focus on the predictability of obesity related co-morbidities by these criteria.",
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author = "Nimah Bahreini and Noor, {Mohd Ismail} and Poh, {Bee Koon} and {Abd. Talib}, Ruzita and Lubis, {Syarif Husin} and {Ganjali Dashti}, Marjan and Amin Salehi-Abargouei and Ahmad Esmaillzadeh",
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AU - Abd. Talib, Ruzita

AU - Lubis, Syarif Husin

AU - Ganjali Dashti, Marjan

AU - Salehi-Abargouei, Amin

AU - Esmaillzadeh, Ahmad

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N2 - Background: Obesity or being overweight is a major health problem in Iran. Only few studies are available that compare the obesity prevalence by four diferent available criteria. Te aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of overweight and obesity among Isfahani adolescents based on four diferent defnitions. Materials and Methods: Tis cross-sectional study was conducted on 3002 Isfahani students (1377 males; 1625 females) aged 11-18 years. Anthropometric measurements including weight and height were measured and body mass index (BMI) was calculated. Sex-specifc BMI-for-age reference data of the Iranian national data, Center for Disease Control data (CDC2000), International Obesity taskforce data (IOTF), and recent World Health Organization (WHO) data was used to defne overweight and obesity. Results: Te mean age of the studied population was 14.8 years and the mean BMI was 20.3 kg/m2. Girls were on an average 1.4 years older and had almost one unit higher BMI than boys. Underweight was prevalent among almost 38.5% and 25.5% of adolescents as per WHO2007 and national Iranian cut-of points, respectively. Te prevalence rates reached 39.5% and 45.8% by IOTF and CDC2000 criteria, respectively. Te highest prevalence of overweight was obtained by IOTF cut-points (30.5%), while CDC2000 criteria, WHO2007, and national Iranian cut-points gave similar prevalence results (4.7%, 4.0%, and 4.4%); 2.4% of the studied population were found to be obese by WHO2007 defnition, while this rate was 0.8%, 0.5%, and 0.8% by IOTF, CDC2000, and national Iranian cut-points. Conclusion: Almost all defnitions revealed coexistence of underweight, overweight, and obesity among Isfahani adolescents. Huge diferences exist between diferent criteria for assessing weight status among children. To understand the best appropriate criteria for Iranian adolescents, future studies should focus on the predictability of obesity related co-morbidities by these criteria.

AB - Background: Obesity or being overweight is a major health problem in Iran. Only few studies are available that compare the obesity prevalence by four diferent available criteria. Te aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of overweight and obesity among Isfahani adolescents based on four diferent defnitions. Materials and Methods: Tis cross-sectional study was conducted on 3002 Isfahani students (1377 males; 1625 females) aged 11-18 years. Anthropometric measurements including weight and height were measured and body mass index (BMI) was calculated. Sex-specifc BMI-for-age reference data of the Iranian national data, Center for Disease Control data (CDC2000), International Obesity taskforce data (IOTF), and recent World Health Organization (WHO) data was used to defne overweight and obesity. Results: Te mean age of the studied population was 14.8 years and the mean BMI was 20.3 kg/m2. Girls were on an average 1.4 years older and had almost one unit higher BMI than boys. Underweight was prevalent among almost 38.5% and 25.5% of adolescents as per WHO2007 and national Iranian cut-of points, respectively. Te prevalence rates reached 39.5% and 45.8% by IOTF and CDC2000 criteria, respectively. Te highest prevalence of overweight was obtained by IOTF cut-points (30.5%), while CDC2000 criteria, WHO2007, and national Iranian cut-points gave similar prevalence results (4.7%, 4.0%, and 4.4%); 2.4% of the studied population were found to be obese by WHO2007 defnition, while this rate was 0.8%, 0.5%, and 0.8% by IOTF, CDC2000, and national Iranian cut-points. Conclusion: Almost all defnitions revealed coexistence of underweight, overweight, and obesity among Isfahani adolescents. Huge diferences exist between diferent criteria for assessing weight status among children. To understand the best appropriate criteria for Iranian adolescents, future studies should focus on the predictability of obesity related co-morbidities by these criteria.

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KW - Body mass index

KW - Obesity

KW - Overweight

KW - Prevalence

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