Weighing the evidence of low glycemic index dietary intervention for the management of gestational diabetes mellitus: An Asian perspective

Barakatun Nisak Mohd Yusof, Somayyeh Firouzi, Zalilah Mohd Shariff, Norlaila Mustafa, Nor Azlin Mohamed Ismail, Nor Azmi Kamaruddin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This review aims to evaluate the effectiveness of low glycemic index (GI) dietary intervention for the treatment of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), specifically from the Asian perspective. A systematic review of the literature using multiple databases without time restriction was conducted. Three studies were retrieved based upon a priori inclusion criteria. While there was a trend towards improvement, no significant differences were observed in overall glycemic control and pregnancy outcomes in GDM women. However, a tendency for lower birth weight and birth centile if the intervention began earlier was noted. Low GI diets were well accepted and had identical macro-micronutrient compositions as the control diets. However, due to genetic, environment and especially food pattern discrepancies between Western countries and Asians, these results may not be contributed to Asian context. Clearly, there are limited studies focusing on the effect of low GI dietary intervention in women with GDM, particularly in Asia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)144-150
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Volume65
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2014

Fingerprint

gestational diabetes
Glycemic Index
glycemic index
Gestational Diabetes
Diet
glycemic control
pregnancy outcome
low birth weight
Micronutrients
systematic review
Pregnancy Outcome
dietary minerals
Birth Weight
diet
Parturition
Databases
Food
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • Asia
  • Blood glucose
  • Gestational diabetes mellitus
  • Glycemic index
  • Nutrition therapy
  • Pregnancy outcomes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science

Cite this

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AU - Mohd Shariff, Zalilah

AU - Mustafa, Norlaila

AU - Mohamed Ismail, Nor Azlin

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