Water and climate variability in developing countries

The case of Uganda

David Baguma, Willibald Loiskandl, Jamal H. Hashim, Zailina Hashim

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    2 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Water safety and climate mitigation measures are global concerns. In this study, climate variability and related health implications were examined. The data included 11,101 outpatient records in the Luwero district from the Ugandan Ministry of Health database, the records of 2,358 outpatients connected with water-related health risks linked to climate variability (diseases such as cholera, typhoid, acute diarrhoea and dysentery) from seven sub-county health centres, monthly mean rainfall data for 30 years (1977-2007), and information from 90 households that harvest rainwater near the local health units. Using a logistic regression, the analysis controlled for the following list of social factors that potentially influence capabilities: personal characteristics (education), cultural norms, the capacity to cope with shocks, seasonal variation, societal favouritism and community segregation. Integrated water management, man-made induced activities and information on effects of climate variability were important in mitigation planning. Young people, including those under the age of 18, were significantly more vulnerable than people of other ages to water-related health risks linked to climate variability. Although both the young and the elderly are susceptible to waterborne illnesses, the findings reveal a link to climate variability, which is inadequately emphasised. We recommend persistence in climate mitigation measures and control against water-related risks.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)377-390
    Number of pages14
    JournalJournal of Water and Climate Change
    Volume5
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2014

    Fingerprint

    developing world
    climate
    water
    health risk
    dysentery
    typhoid
    cholera
    rainwater
    water management
    logistics
    mitigation
    persistence
    seasonal variation
    education
    safety
    rainfall
    health
    mitigation measure
    young

    Keywords

    • Health centres
    • Rainfall
    • Rainwater
    • Season
    • Social factors

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Global and Planetary Change
    • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
    • Atmospheric Science
    • Water Science and Technology

    Cite this

    Water and climate variability in developing countries : The case of Uganda. / Baguma, David; Loiskandl, Willibald; Hashim, Jamal H.; Hashim, Zailina.

    In: Journal of Water and Climate Change, Vol. 5, No. 3, 2014, p. 377-390.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Baguma, David ; Loiskandl, Willibald ; Hashim, Jamal H. ; Hashim, Zailina. / Water and climate variability in developing countries : The case of Uganda. In: Journal of Water and Climate Change. 2014 ; Vol. 5, No. 3. pp. 377-390.
    @article{161e9178674f40ddaeeec3ae00e84027,
    title = "Water and climate variability in developing countries: The case of Uganda",
    abstract = "Water safety and climate mitigation measures are global concerns. In this study, climate variability and related health implications were examined. The data included 11,101 outpatient records in the Luwero district from the Ugandan Ministry of Health database, the records of 2,358 outpatients connected with water-related health risks linked to climate variability (diseases such as cholera, typhoid, acute diarrhoea and dysentery) from seven sub-county health centres, monthly mean rainfall data for 30 years (1977-2007), and information from 90 households that harvest rainwater near the local health units. Using a logistic regression, the analysis controlled for the following list of social factors that potentially influence capabilities: personal characteristics (education), cultural norms, the capacity to cope with shocks, seasonal variation, societal favouritism and community segregation. Integrated water management, man-made induced activities and information on effects of climate variability were important in mitigation planning. Young people, including those under the age of 18, were significantly more vulnerable than people of other ages to water-related health risks linked to climate variability. Although both the young and the elderly are susceptible to waterborne illnesses, the findings reveal a link to climate variability, which is inadequately emphasised. We recommend persistence in climate mitigation measures and control against water-related risks.",
    keywords = "Health centres, Rainfall, Rainwater, Season, Social factors",
    author = "David Baguma and Willibald Loiskandl and Hashim, {Jamal H.} and Zailina Hashim",
    year = "2014",
    doi = "10.2166/wcc.2014.062",
    language = "English",
    volume = "5",
    pages = "377--390",
    journal = "Journal of Water and Climate Change",
    issn = "2040-2244",
    publisher = "IWA Publishing",
    number = "3",

    }

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Water and climate variability in developing countries

    T2 - The case of Uganda

    AU - Baguma, David

    AU - Loiskandl, Willibald

    AU - Hashim, Jamal H.

    AU - Hashim, Zailina

    PY - 2014

    Y1 - 2014

    N2 - Water safety and climate mitigation measures are global concerns. In this study, climate variability and related health implications were examined. The data included 11,101 outpatient records in the Luwero district from the Ugandan Ministry of Health database, the records of 2,358 outpatients connected with water-related health risks linked to climate variability (diseases such as cholera, typhoid, acute diarrhoea and dysentery) from seven sub-county health centres, monthly mean rainfall data for 30 years (1977-2007), and information from 90 households that harvest rainwater near the local health units. Using a logistic regression, the analysis controlled for the following list of social factors that potentially influence capabilities: personal characteristics (education), cultural norms, the capacity to cope with shocks, seasonal variation, societal favouritism and community segregation. Integrated water management, man-made induced activities and information on effects of climate variability were important in mitigation planning. Young people, including those under the age of 18, were significantly more vulnerable than people of other ages to water-related health risks linked to climate variability. Although both the young and the elderly are susceptible to waterborne illnesses, the findings reveal a link to climate variability, which is inadequately emphasised. We recommend persistence in climate mitigation measures and control against water-related risks.

    AB - Water safety and climate mitigation measures are global concerns. In this study, climate variability and related health implications were examined. The data included 11,101 outpatient records in the Luwero district from the Ugandan Ministry of Health database, the records of 2,358 outpatients connected with water-related health risks linked to climate variability (diseases such as cholera, typhoid, acute diarrhoea and dysentery) from seven sub-county health centres, monthly mean rainfall data for 30 years (1977-2007), and information from 90 households that harvest rainwater near the local health units. Using a logistic regression, the analysis controlled for the following list of social factors that potentially influence capabilities: personal characteristics (education), cultural norms, the capacity to cope with shocks, seasonal variation, societal favouritism and community segregation. Integrated water management, man-made induced activities and information on effects of climate variability were important in mitigation planning. Young people, including those under the age of 18, were significantly more vulnerable than people of other ages to water-related health risks linked to climate variability. Although both the young and the elderly are susceptible to waterborne illnesses, the findings reveal a link to climate variability, which is inadequately emphasised. We recommend persistence in climate mitigation measures and control against water-related risks.

    KW - Health centres

    KW - Rainfall

    KW - Rainwater

    KW - Season

    KW - Social factors

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84907717526&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84907717526&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    U2 - 10.2166/wcc.2014.062

    DO - 10.2166/wcc.2014.062

    M3 - Article

    VL - 5

    SP - 377

    EP - 390

    JO - Journal of Water and Climate Change

    JF - Journal of Water and Climate Change

    SN - 2040-2244

    IS - 3

    ER -