Vulnerability assessment and construction recommendations of local houses in the cyclone prone coastal areas of Bangladesh

M. R. Alam, A. B M A Kaish, Muhammad Fauzi Mohd. Zain, S. K. Dev, M. S. Mahzabin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Bangladesh has approximately 710 km long coastline at its southern part. This huge coastal region is very much prone to tidal surge and cyclones; and approximately in every 5 years devastating cyclonic storm hits these coastal areas. The entire coastline suffers serious damage of locally built traditional or non-engineered houses in almost every year. Therefore, this study investigates a proper wind-resistant housing concept, so that people can build houses which are structurally strong to resist the high speed winds and as well be within their affordable financial limits. In order to carry out this study, existing housing data in the extreme wind-swept coastal areas of Chittagong, Cox-bazar and Patuakhali districts of Bangladesh was collected and analyzed to categorize different housing patterns. Some houses were found very poor in condition from the construction point of view and were not recommended for further strengthening. Some houses were found good in condition but had been constructed without following any engineering practices. These types of houses were considered for further strengthening to resist high speed winds that are prevalent in the coastal areas of Bangladesh. A specific pattern of house was analyzed using finite element software ANSYS 11.0. Thereafter, different types of strengthening techniques were applied and analyzed them for obtaining stress and deflection data. Results show that the deflections reduced by 95% when simple strengthening techniques (adding tie and bracing at some important points) were applied to the existing houses. This article also provides some guidelines for construction of houses in cyclone-prone areas.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)118-130
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction
Volume21
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2017

Fingerprint

Bangladesh
cyclone
vulnerability
deflection
housing
wind velocity
coast
coastal region
software
engineering
damage
damages
district
coastal area
recommendation

Keywords

  • Coastal area
  • Construction Recommendations
  • Finite element analysis
  • Low-Cost houses
  • Wind-resistant

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • Safety Research
  • Geology

Cite this

Vulnerability assessment and construction recommendations of local houses in the cyclone prone coastal areas of Bangladesh. / Alam, M. R.; Kaish, A. B M A; Mohd. Zain, Muhammad Fauzi; Dev, S. K.; Mahzabin, M. S.

In: International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, Vol. 21, 01.03.2017, p. 118-130.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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