Analisis Kemudahterancaman Pesawah Padi di Kawasan Pembangunan Bersepadu Terengganu Utara, Malaysia

Translated title of the contribution: Vulnerability analysis of paddy farmers in the northern terengganu integrated agricultural development area, Malaysia

Muhammad Yasar, Chamhuri Siwar, Rospidah Ghazali

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

One of the challenges in the development of paddy farming sector is the high level of vulnerability this sector in terms of economic, ecological and social impacts. Thus the study aims to determine the vulnerability model of paddy farmers in the Northern Terengganu Integrated Agriculture Development Area (IADA KETARA) Malaysia so that factors can be identified and properly controlled in order to achieve the goal of sustainability of paddy farming. Vulnerability factors were determined based on three constructs: Climate Change (PIK), Economic Change (PEK) and Social Change (PSO). The study involved 350 respondents, surveyed by stratified random sampling. The data obtained through interviews using a structured questionnaire was analyzed by Structural Equation Model (SEM). The study found that climate change (PIK) negatively affect paddy farmers while the economic (PEK) and social (PSO) changes have positive impacts. The impact of climate change were influenced by three indicators: the temperature is getting hot (PIK2), diseases and pests affecting rice growing (PIK6), as well as the frequency of the floods in the rainy season (PIK3) with factor loading value 1.00, 0.98 and 0.64. The impact of the economic changes were influenced by four indicators, namely cost of inputs (PEK1), access to capital (PEK3), policy/strategy (PEK5) and repayment of loans (PEK6) with factor loading value 0.94, 0.99, 0.92, dan 0.65. While the impact of social changes were influenced by five indicators, namely: knowledge of farmers (SO2), collaboration with neighbors (SO3), access to education (SO4), access to health (PSO6), and social discrimination (SO7) with factor loading value 0.74, 0.66, 0.92, 0.86 dan 0.83. Therefore strategic efforts are needed to reduce the impacts of climate change (PIK) and increase the impacts of social change (PSO) towards achieving paddy farming sustainability goals.

Original languageMalay
Pages (from-to)39-47
Number of pages9
JournalJurnal Ekonomi Malaysia
Volume50
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Fingerprint

Farmers
Vulnerability
Integrated
Malaysia
Agricultural development
Climate change
Factor loadings
Economic change
Farming
Factors
Sustainability
Ecological economics
Health
Costs
Agriculture
Random sampling
Structural equation model
Loans
Questionnaire
Education

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business, Management and Accounting (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Analisis Kemudahterancaman Pesawah Padi di Kawasan Pembangunan Bersepadu Terengganu Utara, Malaysia. / Yasar, Muhammad; Siwar, Chamhuri; Ghazali, Rospidah.

In: Jurnal Ekonomi Malaysia, Vol. 50, No. 2, 2016, p. 39-47.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - One of the challenges in the development of paddy farming sector is the high level of vulnerability this sector in terms of economic, ecological and social impacts. Thus the study aims to determine the vulnerability model of paddy farmers in the Northern Terengganu Integrated Agriculture Development Area (IADA KETARA) Malaysia so that factors can be identified and properly controlled in order to achieve the goal of sustainability of paddy farming. Vulnerability factors were determined based on three constructs: Climate Change (PIK), Economic Change (PEK) and Social Change (PSO). The study involved 350 respondents, surveyed by stratified random sampling. The data obtained through interviews using a structured questionnaire was analyzed by Structural Equation Model (SEM). The study found that climate change (PIK) negatively affect paddy farmers while the economic (PEK) and social (PSO) changes have positive impacts. The impact of climate change were influenced by three indicators: the temperature is getting hot (PIK2), diseases and pests affecting rice growing (PIK6), as well as the frequency of the floods in the rainy season (PIK3) with factor loading value 1.00, 0.98 and 0.64. The impact of the economic changes were influenced by four indicators, namely cost of inputs (PEK1), access to capital (PEK3), policy/strategy (PEK5) and repayment of loans (PEK6) with factor loading value 0.94, 0.99, 0.92, dan 0.65. While the impact of social changes were influenced by five indicators, namely: knowledge of farmers (SO2), collaboration with neighbors (SO3), access to education (SO4), access to health (PSO6), and social discrimination (SO7) with factor loading value 0.74, 0.66, 0.92, 0.86 dan 0.83. Therefore strategic efforts are needed to reduce the impacts of climate change (PIK) and increase the impacts of social change (PSO) towards achieving paddy farming sustainability goals.

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