Harmoni vokal dan degeminasi dalam kata pinjaman Arab: Analisis tatatingkat kekangan

Translated title of the contribution: Vowel harmony and degemination in Arabic loanwords: A constraints-based analysis

Zaharani Ahmad, Nor Hashimah Jalaluddin, Maizura Osman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present study describes and explains the phonology of vowel harmony and degemination of Arabic loanwords which are incorporated into the Malay language. The data used in the study is secondary data gathered from a computerized data-based corpus of UKM-DBP consisting of five million words. The data are generated by using Oxford WordSmith Tools software, and the phonological phenomena are analyzed by employing a constrain-based approach of Optimality theory. It is apparent that Arabic loandwords have to undergo phonological changes in order to conform to Malay phonological system, particularly its basic syllable structure. The Malay language disfavors the occurrence of consonant clusters either in the onset or coda as well as geminates. It is observed that the phonological motivation that triggers the processes of vowel harmony and degemination is attributed to the obligation to comply with the basic syllable structure and minimal word requirement of the Malay language. The structure of each syllable must be (C)V(C) and this is governed by *COMPLEX and *LS constraints. Disyllabic word requirement is controlled by a PrWd=BF-σ constraint. The consequences of satisfying these constraints are violations of other constrains, namely *SPREAD, MAX-IO, MAX-μ, dan DEP-IO. All these constraints must be ranked, and the hierarchical ranking that is proposed in the study is *COMPLEX, *LS ≫ PrWd=BF-σ ≫ MAX-IO ≫ DEP-IO ≫ *SPREAD ≫ MAX-μ. The present constraint-based analysis can adequately account for the phenomena of vowel harmony and degemination in the language. The findings show that the nativisation of Arabic loanwords is the outcome of grammatical differences between the source and the target languages. It is also observed that the native ranking of constraints operates actively on the loanwords.

Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)193-207
Number of pages15
JournalGEMA Online Journal of Language Studies
Volume13
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2013

Fingerprint

language
ranking
phonology
obligation
Loanwords
Language
Vowel Harmony
present
Ranking
Syllable Structure
software
Controlled
Onset
Phonology
Violations
Geminate
Coda
Obligation
Trigger
Consonant Clusters

Keywords

  • Arabic loandwords
  • Consonant cluster
  • Degemination
  • Optimality theory
  • Vowel harmony

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Literature and Literary Theory
  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language

Cite this

Harmoni vokal dan degeminasi dalam kata pinjaman Arab : Analisis tatatingkat kekangan. / Ahmad, Zaharani; Jalaluddin, Nor Hashimah; Osman, Maizura.

In: GEMA Online Journal of Language Studies, Vol. 13, No. 3, 09.2013, p. 193-207.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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