Void fraction of supersonic steam jet in subcooled water

Afrasyab Khan, Khairuddin Sanaullah, Mohd Sobri Takriff, Aini Hussain, Ajmal Shah, Imran Rafiq Chughtai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

For most operations in process, petroleum and power industries gas-liquid two phase flows occurs, so an accurate estimation of void fraction is vital because it affects the calculations of heat and mass transfer as well as hydrodynamics. Any inaccuracy in estimation may lead to drastic incidents along with heavy monetary loss. An effort has been made here to estimate the approximate void fraction of supersonic steam jet into the sub-cooled water. Electrical Resistance Tomography (ERT) has been used for the purpose along with the Electrical Impedance Tomography and Diffuse Optical Tomography Reconstruction Software (EIDORS) to generate the conductivity scans obtained by ERT setup. Before the experimentation, for further assurance on our void fraction estimations, the measurement system has been calibrated by securing scans of heated Teflon rod of diameter 6. mm, which is approximately having the same cross-sectional surface area as the steam jet have and reported in previous studies at the same hydrodynamic conditions. Images of supersonic steam jet in subcooled water have been processed by the help of EIDORS and image processing technique. The over estimation in void fraction of Teflon rod is ranging from 46.17 to 83.44% and when it is subtracted from the total void fraction of supersonic steam jet (46.51-83.79%) at steam inlet pressure of 1.5-3.0. bar and surrounding water temperature 30-60. °C respectively, the actual void fraction of Teflon rod comes out to be ranging from 0.34% to 0.35% of the total cross-sectional area of vessel. When these results are compared with the previous studies, a close agreement has been observed between these two sets of results.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)35-44
Number of pages10
JournalFlow Measurement and Instrumentation
Volume47
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2016

Fingerprint

Void Fraction
Void fraction
steam
voids
Steam
Acoustic impedance
tomography
Water
Tomography
teflon (trademark)
Diffuse Optical Tomography
Polytetrafluoroethylenes
water
Electrical Impedance Tomography
rods
Optical tomography
electrical impedance
electrical resistance
Hydrodynamics
hydrodynamics

Keywords

  • Hydrodynamic
  • Image processing
  • Supersonic steam
  • Tomography
  • Void fraction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation
  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Void fraction of supersonic steam jet in subcooled water. / Khan, Afrasyab; Sanaullah, Khairuddin; Takriff, Mohd Sobri; Hussain, Aini; Shah, Ajmal; Rafiq Chughtai, Imran.

In: Flow Measurement and Instrumentation, Vol. 47, 01.03.2016, p. 35-44.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Khan, Afrasyab ; Sanaullah, Khairuddin ; Takriff, Mohd Sobri ; Hussain, Aini ; Shah, Ajmal ; Rafiq Chughtai, Imran. / Void fraction of supersonic steam jet in subcooled water. In: Flow Measurement and Instrumentation. 2016 ; Vol. 47. pp. 35-44.
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