Variation of major air pollutants in different seasonal conditions in an urban environment in Malaysia

Anis Asma Ahmad Mohtar, Mohd Talib Latif, Nor Hafizah Baharudin, Fatimah PK Ahamad, Jing Xiang Chung, Murnira Othman, Ju Neng Liew

Research output: Contribution to journalLetter

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Urban air quality has been deteriorating over time. Pollutant distribution levels in the urban environment may be associated with anthropogenic sources and meteorological conditions. The aim of this study is to determine the variation in concentrations of major air pollutants: carbon monoxide (CO), ozone (O3), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), sulphur dioxide (SO2) and particulate matter (PM10), with corresponding seasonal variation in a Malaysian urban environment. Eleven years of data from four selected stations, namely Klang (S1), Petaling Jaya (S2), Shah Alam (S3) and Cheras (S4), were analysed for temporal trend variations (yearly and monthly). Statistical analysis using Openair, an R package open source software, has been conducted to assess pollutants in relation to meteorological conditions. Gas concentrations showed little variation between the study sites apart from NO2, which recorded its highest concentrations at an industrial site, between 23 and 40 ppb, and is associated with industrial and vehicle emissions. Pollutants that show seasonal variations and frequently exceed the Malaysia Ambient Air Quality Standard (MAAQS) and the National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS) are O3 and PM10, predominantly related to the monsoon seasons. High levels of O3 during the northeast monsoon (January–March) are associated with high levels of the precursors of O3. The concentration of PM10 associated with tropical biomass burning during southwest monsoon. Shipping emissions and power stations are main contributors for higher level of SO2. This study shows regional and local factors contribute to the different type of air pollutant concentrations in urban environment.

Original languageEnglish
Article number21
JournalGeoscience Letters
Volume5
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2018

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air quality
monsoon
ambient air
seasonal variation
industrial emission
pollutant
nitrogen dioxide
traffic emission
anthropogenic source
biomass burning
shipping
sulfur dioxide
carbon monoxide
particulate matter
power plant
statistical analysis
ozone
software
gas
air pollutant

Keywords

  • Air-quality trends
  • Major air pollutants
  • Seasonal variations
  • Urban environment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

Cite this

Variation of major air pollutants in different seasonal conditions in an urban environment in Malaysia. / Mohtar, Anis Asma Ahmad; Latif, Mohd Talib; Baharudin, Nor Hafizah; PK Ahamad, Fatimah; Chung, Jing Xiang; Othman, Murnira; Liew, Ju Neng.

In: Geoscience Letters, Vol. 5, No. 1, 21, 01.12.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalLetter

Mohtar, Anis Asma Ahmad ; Latif, Mohd Talib ; Baharudin, Nor Hafizah ; PK Ahamad, Fatimah ; Chung, Jing Xiang ; Othman, Murnira ; Liew, Ju Neng. / Variation of major air pollutants in different seasonal conditions in an urban environment in Malaysia. In: Geoscience Letters. 2018 ; Vol. 5, No. 1.
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