Variant of Helicobacter pylori CagA proteins induce different magnitude of morphological changes in gastric epithelial cells

Alfizah Hanafiah, Ramelah Mohamed

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Infection with Helicobacter pylori cagA-positive strains is associated with gastroduodenal diseases. The CagA protein is injected into gastric epithelial cells and supposedly induces morphological changes termed the 'hummingbird phenotype', which is associated with scattering and increased cell motility. The molecular mechanisms leading to the CagA-dependent morphological changes are only partially known. The present study was carried out to investigate the effect of CagA variants on the magnitude of gastric epithelial cell morphological changes. Recombinant 3' terminal domains of cagA were cloned and expressed in a gastric epithelial cell line and the hummingbird phenotype was quantified by microscopy. The 3' region of the cagA gene of Malaysian H. pylori isolates showed six sub-genotypes that differed in the structural organization of the EPIYA repeat sequences. The percentage of hummingbird cells induced by CagA increased with duration of transfection. The hummingbird phenotype was observed to be more pronounced when CagA with 4 EPIYA motifs rather than 3 or 2 EPIYA motifs was produced. The activity of different CagA variants in the induction of the hummingbird phenotype in gastric epithelial cells depends at least in part on EPIYA motif variability. The difference in CagA genotypes might influence the potential of individual CagAs to cause morphological changes in host cells. Depending on the relative exposure of cells to CagA genotypes, this may contribute to the various disease outcomes caused by H. pylori infection in different individuals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29-34
Number of pages6
JournalMalaysian Journal of Pathology
Volume34
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2012

Fingerprint

Stomach
Epithelial Cells
Helicobacter pylori
Phenotype
Genotype
Helicobacter Infections
Cell Movement
Transfection
Microscopy
Cell Line
Helicobacter pylori cagA protein
Infection
Genes
Proteins

Keywords

  • CagA EPIYA
  • Helicobacter pylori
  • Hummingbird phenotype

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Cell Biology
  • Histology

Cite this

Variant of Helicobacter pylori CagA proteins induce different magnitude of morphological changes in gastric epithelial cells. / Hanafiah, Alfizah; Mohamed, Ramelah.

In: Malaysian Journal of Pathology, Vol. 34, No. 1, 06.2012, p. 29-34.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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