Validation of the Malay version of children's depression inventory

Susan M K Tan, Sit Fong Loh, Mohamad Adam Bujnag, Jamaiyah Haniff, Fairuz Nazri Abdul Rahman, Fauzi Ismail, Khairani Omar, Tuti Iryani Mohd Daud

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: The Children's Depression Inventory (CDI) is an internationally established tool for screening for depression among children and adolescents. In view of the increasing prevalence of mental health problems in this population in Malaysia, a validated Malay CDI is needed. Objectives: To translate the CDI into the Malay language and to evaluate its reliability and validity. Methods: A multi-center, cross sectional study was done in six hospitals, which represented different regions of Peninsular Malaysia. The study involved children and adolescents aged 12 - 17 years old who fulfilled the criteria and was carried out in 3 phases. Phase 1 involved the translation process of CDI, phase 2, involved pre-testing and phase 3, the field study for reliability and validity of the Malay CDI. Results: 132 patients participated and 102 completed the retest. Test-retest reliability showed median weighted Kappa of 0.5 with a range of between 0.3 and 0.7. The interclass correlation of the scores between CDI total test and retest was 0.827. Cronbach's alpha for overall CDI is 0.849. For discriminative validity, there was a statistically significant difference between the CDI scores, with participants clinically diagnosed to have depression having a higher total mean score. From our study the most appropriate recommended cut off score from the ROC was 17. This study did not have enough evidence to prove the construct validity of the Malay CDI by domain. At cut off of 17, the ROC area under the curve was 0.6489 with sensitivity and specificity of 55.6 and 54.4, respectively. Conclusion: The Malay CDI is valid for use as an accurate screening instrument for depression, amongst Malay speaking children and adolescents in Malaysia, when the overall score is used.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)188-191
Number of pages4
JournalInternational Medical Journal
Volume20
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2013

Fingerprint

Depression
Equipment and Supplies
Malaysia
Reproducibility of Results
Area Under Curve
Mental Health
Language
Cross-Sectional Studies
Sensitivity and Specificity
Population

Keywords

  • Children's depression inventory
  • Malay CDI
  • Reliability
  • Validation
  • Validity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Tan, S. M. K., Loh, S. F., Adam Bujnag, M., Haniff, J., Abdul Rahman, F. N., Ismail, F., ... Mohd Daud, T. I. (2013). Validation of the Malay version of children's depression inventory. International Medical Journal, 20(2), 188-191.

Validation of the Malay version of children's depression inventory. / Tan, Susan M K; Loh, Sit Fong; Adam Bujnag, Mohamad; Haniff, Jamaiyah; Abdul Rahman, Fairuz Nazri; Ismail, Fauzi; Omar, Khairani; Mohd Daud, Tuti Iryani.

In: International Medical Journal, Vol. 20, No. 2, 04.2013, p. 188-191.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Tan, SMK, Loh, SF, Adam Bujnag, M, Haniff, J, Abdul Rahman, FN, Ismail, F, Omar, K & Mohd Daud, TI 2013, 'Validation of the Malay version of children's depression inventory', International Medical Journal, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 188-191.
Tan SMK, Loh SF, Adam Bujnag M, Haniff J, Abdul Rahman FN, Ismail F et al. Validation of the Malay version of children's depression inventory. International Medical Journal. 2013 Apr;20(2):188-191.
Tan, Susan M K ; Loh, Sit Fong ; Adam Bujnag, Mohamad ; Haniff, Jamaiyah ; Abdul Rahman, Fairuz Nazri ; Ismail, Fauzi ; Omar, Khairani ; Mohd Daud, Tuti Iryani. / Validation of the Malay version of children's depression inventory. In: International Medical Journal. 2013 ; Vol. 20, No. 2. pp. 188-191.
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