Validation of self-reported hearing loss among multi-ethnic community dwelling older adults in Malaysia

Wan Syafira Ishak, Siti Zamratol Mai Sarah Mukari, Nashrah Maamor, Wan Fazlina Wan Hashim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Introduction: Little is known about the prevalence of hearing loss and the usefulness of self-report hearing loss among older adults in Malaysia. Aim: We conducted a population-based study to investigate the prevalence of self-reported hearing problem and its relationship with audiometric hearing thresholds in older adults in Selangor, Malaysia. We also investigated demographic factors that were associated with the self-reported hearing loss. Materials and Methods: The participants were recruited from Selangor using a multi-stage clustered sampling involving 324 participants aged between 60 to 88-year-old (68.3±5.9 years). All participants underwent a face-to-face interview and pure tone audiometry. Self-reported hearing loss was obtained using three questions. Results: The prevalence of self-reported hearing problems was 53.4%. This prevalence did not differ significantly among age group, gender, race and education level (p>0.05). Univariate and logistic regression analyses found that tinnitus and Pure Tone Average (PTA) of at least moderate hearing loss at 0.5 kHz to 4 kHz contributed significantly to the likelihood of self-reported hearing problem. Participants with tinnitus and participants with PTA at least moderate hearing loss at 0.5 kHz to 4 kHz were twice as likely to report hearing problem than their counterparts. The questions yielded poor sensitivity in identifying at least mild loss and moderate sensitivity for at least moderate hearing loss. Conclusion: The present study highlights the need for a more effective self-report inventory or audiometry instrument that is less sensitive to background noise to better estimate hearing loss prevalence among adults in Malaysia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)MC01-MC05
JournalJournal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research
Volume11
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2017

Fingerprint

Independent Living
Malaysia
Audition
Hearing Loss
Hearing
Tinnitus
Self Report
Pure-Tone Audiometry
Audiometry
Noise
Age Groups
Logistic Models
Regression Analysis
Demography
Interviews
Education
Equipment and Supplies
Acoustic noise
Logistics

Keywords

  • Self-reported hearing problem
  • Sensitivity
  • Specificity
  • Tinnitus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Biochemistry

Cite this

Validation of self-reported hearing loss among multi-ethnic community dwelling older adults in Malaysia. / Ishak, Wan Syafira; Mukari, Siti Zamratol Mai Sarah; Maamor, Nashrah; Hashim, Wan Fazlina Wan.

In: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, Vol. 11, No. 10, 01.10.2017, p. MC01-MC05.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{d30fb86380f84909ace94e21690aab44,
title = "Validation of self-reported hearing loss among multi-ethnic community dwelling older adults in Malaysia",
abstract = "Introduction: Little is known about the prevalence of hearing loss and the usefulness of self-report hearing loss among older adults in Malaysia. Aim: We conducted a population-based study to investigate the prevalence of self-reported hearing problem and its relationship with audiometric hearing thresholds in older adults in Selangor, Malaysia. We also investigated demographic factors that were associated with the self-reported hearing loss. Materials and Methods: The participants were recruited from Selangor using a multi-stage clustered sampling involving 324 participants aged between 60 to 88-year-old (68.3±5.9 years). All participants underwent a face-to-face interview and pure tone audiometry. Self-reported hearing loss was obtained using three questions. Results: The prevalence of self-reported hearing problems was 53.4{\%}. This prevalence did not differ significantly among age group, gender, race and education level (p>0.05). Univariate and logistic regression analyses found that tinnitus and Pure Tone Average (PTA) of at least moderate hearing loss at 0.5 kHz to 4 kHz contributed significantly to the likelihood of self-reported hearing problem. Participants with tinnitus and participants with PTA at least moderate hearing loss at 0.5 kHz to 4 kHz were twice as likely to report hearing problem than their counterparts. The questions yielded poor sensitivity in identifying at least mild loss and moderate sensitivity for at least moderate hearing loss. Conclusion: The present study highlights the need for a more effective self-report inventory or audiometry instrument that is less sensitive to background noise to better estimate hearing loss prevalence among adults in Malaysia.",
keywords = "Self-reported hearing problem, Sensitivity, Specificity, Tinnitus",
author = "Ishak, {Wan Syafira} and Mukari, {Siti Zamratol Mai Sarah} and Nashrah Maamor and Hashim, {Wan Fazlina Wan}",
year = "2017",
month = "10",
day = "1",
doi = "10.7860/JCDR/2017/28144.10756",
language = "English",
volume = "11",
pages = "MC01--MC05",
journal = "Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research",
issn = "0973-709X",
publisher = "JCDR Research and Publications (Pvt) Limited",
number = "10",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Validation of self-reported hearing loss among multi-ethnic community dwelling older adults in Malaysia

AU - Ishak, Wan Syafira

AU - Mukari, Siti Zamratol Mai Sarah

AU - Maamor, Nashrah

AU - Hashim, Wan Fazlina Wan

PY - 2017/10/1

Y1 - 2017/10/1

N2 - Introduction: Little is known about the prevalence of hearing loss and the usefulness of self-report hearing loss among older adults in Malaysia. Aim: We conducted a population-based study to investigate the prevalence of self-reported hearing problem and its relationship with audiometric hearing thresholds in older adults in Selangor, Malaysia. We also investigated demographic factors that were associated with the self-reported hearing loss. Materials and Methods: The participants were recruited from Selangor using a multi-stage clustered sampling involving 324 participants aged between 60 to 88-year-old (68.3±5.9 years). All participants underwent a face-to-face interview and pure tone audiometry. Self-reported hearing loss was obtained using three questions. Results: The prevalence of self-reported hearing problems was 53.4%. This prevalence did not differ significantly among age group, gender, race and education level (p>0.05). Univariate and logistic regression analyses found that tinnitus and Pure Tone Average (PTA) of at least moderate hearing loss at 0.5 kHz to 4 kHz contributed significantly to the likelihood of self-reported hearing problem. Participants with tinnitus and participants with PTA at least moderate hearing loss at 0.5 kHz to 4 kHz were twice as likely to report hearing problem than their counterparts. The questions yielded poor sensitivity in identifying at least mild loss and moderate sensitivity for at least moderate hearing loss. Conclusion: The present study highlights the need for a more effective self-report inventory or audiometry instrument that is less sensitive to background noise to better estimate hearing loss prevalence among adults in Malaysia.

AB - Introduction: Little is known about the prevalence of hearing loss and the usefulness of self-report hearing loss among older adults in Malaysia. Aim: We conducted a population-based study to investigate the prevalence of self-reported hearing problem and its relationship with audiometric hearing thresholds in older adults in Selangor, Malaysia. We also investigated demographic factors that were associated with the self-reported hearing loss. Materials and Methods: The participants were recruited from Selangor using a multi-stage clustered sampling involving 324 participants aged between 60 to 88-year-old (68.3±5.9 years). All participants underwent a face-to-face interview and pure tone audiometry. Self-reported hearing loss was obtained using three questions. Results: The prevalence of self-reported hearing problems was 53.4%. This prevalence did not differ significantly among age group, gender, race and education level (p>0.05). Univariate and logistic regression analyses found that tinnitus and Pure Tone Average (PTA) of at least moderate hearing loss at 0.5 kHz to 4 kHz contributed significantly to the likelihood of self-reported hearing problem. Participants with tinnitus and participants with PTA at least moderate hearing loss at 0.5 kHz to 4 kHz were twice as likely to report hearing problem than their counterparts. The questions yielded poor sensitivity in identifying at least mild loss and moderate sensitivity for at least moderate hearing loss. Conclusion: The present study highlights the need for a more effective self-report inventory or audiometry instrument that is less sensitive to background noise to better estimate hearing loss prevalence among adults in Malaysia.

KW - Self-reported hearing problem

KW - Sensitivity

KW - Specificity

KW - Tinnitus

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85032025654&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85032025654&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.7860/JCDR/2017/28144.10756

DO - 10.7860/JCDR/2017/28144.10756

M3 - Article

VL - 11

SP - MC01-MC05

JO - Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research

JF - Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research

SN - 0973-709X

IS - 10

ER -