Validation of crack interaction limit model for parallel edge cracks using two-dimensional finite element analysis

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Abstract

Shielding interaction effects of two parallel edge cracks in finite thickness plates subjected to remote tension load is analyzed using a developed finite element analysis program. In the present study, the crack interaction limit is evaluated based on the fitness of service (FFS) code, and focus is given to the weak crack interaction region as the crack interval exceeds the length of cracks (b > a). Crack interaction factors are evaluated based on stress intensity factors (SIFs) for Mode I SIFs using a displacement extrapolation technique. Parametric studies involved a wide range of crack-to-width (0.05 ≤ a/W ≤ 0.5) and crack interval ratios (b/a > 1). For validation, crack interaction factors are compared with single edge crack SIFs as a state of zero interaction. Within the considered range of parameters, the proposed numerical evaluation used to predict the crack interaction factor reduces the error of existing analytical solution from 1.92% to 0.97% at higher a/W. In reference to FFS codes, the small discrepancy in the prediction of the crack interaction factor validates the reliability of the numerical model to predict crack interaction limits under shielding interaction effects. In conclusion, the numerical model gave a successful prediction in estimating the crack interaction limit, which can be used as a reference for the shielding orientation of other cracks.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)993-1004
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Automotive and Mechanical Engineering
Volume7
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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Cracks
Finite element method
Stress intensity factors
Shielding
Numerical models
Extrapolation

Keywords

  • Crack interaction limit
  • Fitness for service
  • Interacting cracks
  • Shielding effects

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Automotive Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

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title = "Validation of crack interaction limit model for parallel edge cracks using two-dimensional finite element analysis",
abstract = "Shielding interaction effects of two parallel edge cracks in finite thickness plates subjected to remote tension load is analyzed using a developed finite element analysis program. In the present study, the crack interaction limit is evaluated based on the fitness of service (FFS) code, and focus is given to the weak crack interaction region as the crack interval exceeds the length of cracks (b > a). Crack interaction factors are evaluated based on stress intensity factors (SIFs) for Mode I SIFs using a displacement extrapolation technique. Parametric studies involved a wide range of crack-to-width (0.05 ≤ a/W ≤ 0.5) and crack interval ratios (b/a > 1). For validation, crack interaction factors are compared with single edge crack SIFs as a state of zero interaction. Within the considered range of parameters, the proposed numerical evaluation used to predict the crack interaction factor reduces the error of existing analytical solution from 1.92{\%} to 0.97{\%} at higher a/W. In reference to FFS codes, the small discrepancy in the prediction of the crack interaction factor validates the reliability of the numerical model to predict crack interaction limits under shielding interaction effects. In conclusion, the numerical model gave a successful prediction in estimating the crack interaction limit, which can be used as a reference for the shielding orientation of other cracks.",
keywords = "Crack interaction limit, Fitness for service, Interacting cracks, Shielding effects",
author = "R. Daud and {Mohd Ihsan}, {Ahmad Kamal Ariffin} and Shahrir Abdullah",
year = "2013",
language = "English",
volume = "7",
pages = "993--1004",
journal = "International Journal of Automotive and Mechanical Engineering",
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AU - Mohd Ihsan, Ahmad Kamal Ariffin

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N2 - Shielding interaction effects of two parallel edge cracks in finite thickness plates subjected to remote tension load is analyzed using a developed finite element analysis program. In the present study, the crack interaction limit is evaluated based on the fitness of service (FFS) code, and focus is given to the weak crack interaction region as the crack interval exceeds the length of cracks (b > a). Crack interaction factors are evaluated based on stress intensity factors (SIFs) for Mode I SIFs using a displacement extrapolation technique. Parametric studies involved a wide range of crack-to-width (0.05 ≤ a/W ≤ 0.5) and crack interval ratios (b/a > 1). For validation, crack interaction factors are compared with single edge crack SIFs as a state of zero interaction. Within the considered range of parameters, the proposed numerical evaluation used to predict the crack interaction factor reduces the error of existing analytical solution from 1.92% to 0.97% at higher a/W. In reference to FFS codes, the small discrepancy in the prediction of the crack interaction factor validates the reliability of the numerical model to predict crack interaction limits under shielding interaction effects. In conclusion, the numerical model gave a successful prediction in estimating the crack interaction limit, which can be used as a reference for the shielding orientation of other cracks.

AB - Shielding interaction effects of two parallel edge cracks in finite thickness plates subjected to remote tension load is analyzed using a developed finite element analysis program. In the present study, the crack interaction limit is evaluated based on the fitness of service (FFS) code, and focus is given to the weak crack interaction region as the crack interval exceeds the length of cracks (b > a). Crack interaction factors are evaluated based on stress intensity factors (SIFs) for Mode I SIFs using a displacement extrapolation technique. Parametric studies involved a wide range of crack-to-width (0.05 ≤ a/W ≤ 0.5) and crack interval ratios (b/a > 1). For validation, crack interaction factors are compared with single edge crack SIFs as a state of zero interaction. Within the considered range of parameters, the proposed numerical evaluation used to predict the crack interaction factor reduces the error of existing analytical solution from 1.92% to 0.97% at higher a/W. In reference to FFS codes, the small discrepancy in the prediction of the crack interaction factor validates the reliability of the numerical model to predict crack interaction limits under shielding interaction effects. In conclusion, the numerical model gave a successful prediction in estimating the crack interaction limit, which can be used as a reference for the shielding orientation of other cracks.

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