Utilization of functional MRI language paradigms for pre-operative mapping: a systematic review

Hanani Abdul Manan, Elizabeth A. Franz, Noorazrul Yahya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Abstract: Purpose: Functional MRI (fMRI) can be employed to non-invasively localize brain regions involved in functional areas of language in patients with brain tumour, for applications including pre-operative mapping. The present systematic review was conducted to explore prevalence of different language paradigms utilised in conjunction with fMRI approaches for pre-operative mapping, with the aim of assessing their effectiveness and suitability. Methods: A systematic literature search of brain tumours in the context of fMRI methods applied to pre-operative mapping for language functional areas was conducted using PubMed/MEDLINE and Scopus electronic database following PRISMA guidelines. The article search was conducted between the earliest record and March 1, 2019. References and citations were checked in Google Scholar database. Results: Twenty-nine independent studies were identified, comprising 1031 adult participants with 976 patients characterised with different types and sizes of brain tumours, and the remaining 55 being healthy controls. These studies evaluated functional language areas in patients with brain tumours prior to surgical interventions using language-based fMRI. Results demonstrated that 86% of the studies used a Word Generation Task (WGT) to evoke functional language areas during pre-operative mapping. Fifty-seven percent of the studies that used language-based paradigms in conjunction with fMRI as a pre-operative mapping tool were in agreement with intra-operative results of language localization. Conclusions: WGT was most commonly utilised and is proposed as a suitable and useful technique for a language-based paradigm fMRI for pre-operative mapping. However, based on available evidence, WGT alone is not sufficient. We propose a combination and convergence paradigms for a more sensitive and specific map of language function for pre-operative mapping. A standard guideline for clinical applications should be established.

Original languageEnglish
JournalNeuroradiology
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 1 Jan 2019

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Language
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Brain Neoplasms
Databases
Guidelines
PubMed
MEDLINE
Brain

Keywords

  • Brain tumour
  • Broca’s and Wernicke’s area
  • fMRI
  • Language
  • Word Generation Task

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Utilization of functional MRI language paradigms for pre-operative mapping : a systematic review. / Manan, Hanani Abdul; Franz, Elizabeth A.; Yahya, Noorazrul.

In: Neuroradiology, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Abstract: Purpose: Functional MRI (fMRI) can be employed to non-invasively localize brain regions involved in functional areas of language in patients with brain tumour, for applications including pre-operative mapping. The present systematic review was conducted to explore prevalence of different language paradigms utilised in conjunction with fMRI approaches for pre-operative mapping, with the aim of assessing their effectiveness and suitability. Methods: A systematic literature search of brain tumours in the context of fMRI methods applied to pre-operative mapping for language functional areas was conducted using PubMed/MEDLINE and Scopus electronic database following PRISMA guidelines. The article search was conducted between the earliest record and March 1, 2019. References and citations were checked in Google Scholar database. Results: Twenty-nine independent studies were identified, comprising 1031 adult participants with 976 patients characterised with different types and sizes of brain tumours, and the remaining 55 being healthy controls. These studies evaluated functional language areas in patients with brain tumours prior to surgical interventions using language-based fMRI. Results demonstrated that 86{\%} of the studies used a Word Generation Task (WGT) to evoke functional language areas during pre-operative mapping. Fifty-seven percent of the studies that used language-based paradigms in conjunction with fMRI as a pre-operative mapping tool were in agreement with intra-operative results of language localization. Conclusions: WGT was most commonly utilised and is proposed as a suitable and useful technique for a language-based paradigm fMRI for pre-operative mapping. However, based on available evidence, WGT alone is not sufficient. We propose a combination and convergence paradigms for a more sensitive and specific map of language function for pre-operative mapping. A standard guideline for clinical applications should be established.",
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