Utilization of carbide lime waste as base catalyst for biodiesel production

Koguleshun Subramaniam, Sasidevan Munusamy, Fei Ling Pua, Mohd Aizat Mohd Nasir, Rohaya Othman, Sharifah Nabihah Syed Jaafar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Calcium rich solid base catalyst was synthesized from local waste carbide lime and its catalytic performance was evaluated visa biodiesel production. Carbide lime waste was used to produce CLW-I and CLW-II solid base catalyst using different preparation methods. Characterization including base strength analysis, scanning electron microscope (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) were investigated. Catalytic strength was examined by deploying the solid base catalysts for transesterification reaction of palm oil. Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) was used to analyze the presence of ester group in biodiesel. The yield of biodiesel conversion was calculated based on the mass of biodiesel and glycerol. The highest biodiesel conversion rate of 75.30% was achieved by CLW-I solid base catalyst at 9% loading. The good catalytic performance of carbide lime waste derived solid base catalysts proves that it has high potential to replace the usage of conventional catalyst in the biodiesel industry.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)700-704
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Engineering and Technology(UAE)
Volume7
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018

Fingerprint

Biofuels
Biodiesel
Lime
Carbides
Catalysts
X-Ray Emission Spectrometry
Solid Waste
Palm oil
Transesterification
Fourier Analysis
Glycerol
X-Ray Diffraction
lime
Calcium
Esters
Industry
Fourier transforms
Electron microscopes
Electrons
Infrared radiation

Keywords

  • Base catalyst
  • Biodiesel
  • Carbide lime waste
  • Catalyst
  • Transesterification

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Computer Science (miscellaneous)
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Engineering(all)
  • Hardware and Architecture

Cite this

Utilization of carbide lime waste as base catalyst for biodiesel production. / Subramaniam, Koguleshun; Munusamy, Sasidevan; Pua, Fei Ling; Nasir, Mohd Aizat Mohd; Othman, Rohaya; Syed Jaafar, Sharifah Nabihah.

In: International Journal of Engineering and Technology(UAE), Vol. 7, No. 4, 01.01.2018, p. 700-704.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Subramaniam, Koguleshun ; Munusamy, Sasidevan ; Pua, Fei Ling ; Nasir, Mohd Aizat Mohd ; Othman, Rohaya ; Syed Jaafar, Sharifah Nabihah. / Utilization of carbide lime waste as base catalyst for biodiesel production. In: International Journal of Engineering and Technology(UAE). 2018 ; Vol. 7, No. 4. pp. 700-704.
@article{c797b7daee6c498eab2fc9b24f9eee3f,
title = "Utilization of carbide lime waste as base catalyst for biodiesel production",
abstract = "Calcium rich solid base catalyst was synthesized from local waste carbide lime and its catalytic performance was evaluated visa biodiesel production. Carbide lime waste was used to produce CLW-I and CLW-II solid base catalyst using different preparation methods. Characterization including base strength analysis, scanning electron microscope (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) were investigated. Catalytic strength was examined by deploying the solid base catalysts for transesterification reaction of palm oil. Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) was used to analyze the presence of ester group in biodiesel. The yield of biodiesel conversion was calculated based on the mass of biodiesel and glycerol. The highest biodiesel conversion rate of 75.30{\%} was achieved by CLW-I solid base catalyst at 9{\%} loading. The good catalytic performance of carbide lime waste derived solid base catalysts proves that it has high potential to replace the usage of conventional catalyst in the biodiesel industry.",
keywords = "Base catalyst, Biodiesel, Carbide lime waste, Catalyst, Transesterification",
author = "Koguleshun Subramaniam and Sasidevan Munusamy and Pua, {Fei Ling} and Nasir, {Mohd Aizat Mohd} and Rohaya Othman and {Syed Jaafar}, {Sharifah Nabihah}",
year = "2018",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.14419/ijet.v7i4.35.23092",
language = "English",
volume = "7",
pages = "700--704",
journal = "International Journal of Engineering and Technology(UAE)",
issn = "2227-524X",
publisher = "Science Publishing Corporation Inc",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Utilization of carbide lime waste as base catalyst for biodiesel production

AU - Subramaniam, Koguleshun

AU - Munusamy, Sasidevan

AU - Pua, Fei Ling

AU - Nasir, Mohd Aizat Mohd

AU - Othman, Rohaya

AU - Syed Jaafar, Sharifah Nabihah

PY - 2018/1/1

Y1 - 2018/1/1

N2 - Calcium rich solid base catalyst was synthesized from local waste carbide lime and its catalytic performance was evaluated visa biodiesel production. Carbide lime waste was used to produce CLW-I and CLW-II solid base catalyst using different preparation methods. Characterization including base strength analysis, scanning electron microscope (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) were investigated. Catalytic strength was examined by deploying the solid base catalysts for transesterification reaction of palm oil. Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) was used to analyze the presence of ester group in biodiesel. The yield of biodiesel conversion was calculated based on the mass of biodiesel and glycerol. The highest biodiesel conversion rate of 75.30% was achieved by CLW-I solid base catalyst at 9% loading. The good catalytic performance of carbide lime waste derived solid base catalysts proves that it has high potential to replace the usage of conventional catalyst in the biodiesel industry.

AB - Calcium rich solid base catalyst was synthesized from local waste carbide lime and its catalytic performance was evaluated visa biodiesel production. Carbide lime waste was used to produce CLW-I and CLW-II solid base catalyst using different preparation methods. Characterization including base strength analysis, scanning electron microscope (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) were investigated. Catalytic strength was examined by deploying the solid base catalysts for transesterification reaction of palm oil. Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) was used to analyze the presence of ester group in biodiesel. The yield of biodiesel conversion was calculated based on the mass of biodiesel and glycerol. The highest biodiesel conversion rate of 75.30% was achieved by CLW-I solid base catalyst at 9% loading. The good catalytic performance of carbide lime waste derived solid base catalysts proves that it has high potential to replace the usage of conventional catalyst in the biodiesel industry.

KW - Base catalyst

KW - Biodiesel

KW - Carbide lime waste

KW - Catalyst

KW - Transesterification

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85059223905&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85059223905&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.14419/ijet.v7i4.35.23092

DO - 10.14419/ijet.v7i4.35.23092

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85059223905

VL - 7

SP - 700

EP - 704

JO - International Journal of Engineering and Technology(UAE)

JF - International Journal of Engineering and Technology(UAE)

SN - 2227-524X

IS - 4

ER -