Utilization of a Diet Optimization Model in Ensuring Adequate Intake among Pregnant Women in Selangor, Malaysia

Zeenat Begam Sawal Hamid, Roslee Rajikan, Siti Masitah Elias, Nor Aini Jamil

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Achieving nutritional requirements for pregnant women in rural or suburban households while maintaining the intake of local and culture-specific foods can be difficult. Usage of a linear programming approach can effectively generate diet optimization models that incorporate local and culturally acceptable menus. This study aimed to determine whether a realistic and affordable diet that achieves recommended nutrient intakes for pregnant women could be formulated from locally available foods in Malaysia. A cross-sectional study was conducted to assess the dietary intake of 78 pregnant women using a 24-h dietary recall and a 3-day food record. A market survey was also carried out to estimate the cost of raw foods that are frequently consumed. All linear programming analyses were done using Excel Solver to generate optimal dietary patterns. Our findings showed that the menus designed from diet optimization models using locally available foods would improve dietary adequacy for the seven food groups based on the Malaysian Dietary Guidelines 2010 (MDG 2010) and the 14 nutrients based on Recommended Nutrient Intake 2017 (RNI 2017) in pregnant women. However, inadequacies remained for iron and niacin, indicating that these nutrients may require supplementation.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational journal of environmental research and public health
Volume16
Issue number23
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 27 Nov 2019

Fingerprint

Malaysia
Pregnant Women
Diet
Food
Linear Programming
Nutrition Policy
Nutritional Requirements
Niacin
Iron
Cross-Sectional Studies
Costs and Cost Analysis

Keywords

  • diet optimization model
  • healthy diet
  • linear programming
  • pregnant women

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Cite this

Utilization of a Diet Optimization Model in Ensuring Adequate Intake among Pregnant Women in Selangor, Malaysia. / Sawal Hamid, Zeenat Begam; Rajikan, Roslee; Elias, Siti Masitah; Jamil, Nor Aini.

In: International journal of environmental research and public health, Vol. 16, No. 23, 27.11.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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