Using a paraffin wax-aluminum compound as a thermal storage material in a solar air heater

Alkilani Mahmud, Kamaruzzaman Sopian, M. A. Alghoul, Sohif Mat, Abdualbasit M. Graisa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper presents a theoretical investigation of thermal and physical properties of a phase change material (PCM) consists of paraffin wax with 5% aluminum powder, this composite used as a thermal storage compound in a solar air heater, the compound supposed be encapsulated in cylinders as a solar absorber in cross flow of pumped air. An indoor simulation supposed that the PCM initially heated by solar simulator until liquid phase temperature (50°C) while the pumped air over the cylinders at room temperature (28°C), results show that the air temperature gained due to thermal energy discharge process decreases with increasing of air mass flow rate, and the freezing time for this compound takes long time interval for the lower mass flow rates.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)74-77
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Engineering and Applied Sciences
Volume4
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2009

Fingerprint

Aluminum compounds
Paraffin waxes
Air
Phase change materials
Solar absorbers
Flow rate
Thermal energy
Freezing
Discharge (fluid mechanics)
Temperature
Thermodynamic properties
Physical properties
Simulators
Hot Temperature
Aluminum
Powders
Composite materials
Liquids

Keywords

  • Air temperature
  • Discharge process
  • Freezing time
  • Mass flow rate
  • Phase change material
  • Solar heating system

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Using a paraffin wax-aluminum compound as a thermal storage material in a solar air heater. / Mahmud, Alkilani; Sopian, Kamaruzzaman; Alghoul, M. A.; Mat, Sohif; Graisa, Abdualbasit M.

In: Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Vol. 4, No. 10, 12.2009, p. 74-77.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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