Unique stimuli responsive characteristics of electron beam synthesized bacterial cellulose/acrylic acid composite

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Abstract

The formation and swelling behavior of bacterial cellulose/acrylic acid hydrogel prepared from aqueous mixture consists of 20 : 80 (v/v) acrylic acid (AAc) and 1% bacterial cellulose dispersion under accelerated electron beam was investigated. Gel fraction of hydrogel increased with the increasing dose suggesting a denser composite at 50 kGy compared to 35 kGy. SEM photomicrographs revealed a homogenous pores distribution at higher dose with pore sizes ranging from 1 to 5 lm. Hydrogel synthesized at lower dose of electron beam exhibited higher swelling ability and the degree of swelling increased as the pH of surrounding medium increased and it reached the optimum swelling at pH 7. While swelling of the hydrogel decreased with the increasing ionic strength of solution, swelling at different temperatures ranging from 25 to 50°C revealed a unique character where the hydrogel shrunk at 37°C. Moreover, hydrogel synthesized at higher dose exhibited a higher degree of swelling in methanol with respect to water.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2920-2929
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Applied Polymer Science
Volume116
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 5 Jun 2010

Fingerprint

Hydrogel
Cellulose
Acrylics
Swelling
Electron beams
Hydrogels
Acids
Composite materials
acrylic acid
Ionic strength
Pore size
Methanol
Gels
Scanning electron microscopy
Water

Keywords

  • Electron beam irradiation
  • Hydrogels
  • Swelling behavior

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this

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abstract = "The formation and swelling behavior of bacterial cellulose/acrylic acid hydrogel prepared from aqueous mixture consists of 20 : 80 (v/v) acrylic acid (AAc) and 1{\%} bacterial cellulose dispersion under accelerated electron beam was investigated. Gel fraction of hydrogel increased with the increasing dose suggesting a denser composite at 50 kGy compared to 35 kGy. SEM photomicrographs revealed a homogenous pores distribution at higher dose with pore sizes ranging from 1 to 5 lm. Hydrogel synthesized at lower dose of electron beam exhibited higher swelling ability and the degree of swelling increased as the pH of surrounding medium increased and it reached the optimum swelling at pH 7. While swelling of the hydrogel decreased with the increasing ionic strength of solution, swelling at different temperatures ranging from 25 to 50°C revealed a unique character where the hydrogel shrunk at 37°C. Moreover, hydrogel synthesized at higher dose exhibited a higher degree of swelling in methanol with respect to water.",
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AU - Halib, Nadia

AU - Mohd Amin, Mohd Cairul Iqbal

AU - Ahmad, Ishak

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N2 - The formation and swelling behavior of bacterial cellulose/acrylic acid hydrogel prepared from aqueous mixture consists of 20 : 80 (v/v) acrylic acid (AAc) and 1% bacterial cellulose dispersion under accelerated electron beam was investigated. Gel fraction of hydrogel increased with the increasing dose suggesting a denser composite at 50 kGy compared to 35 kGy. SEM photomicrographs revealed a homogenous pores distribution at higher dose with pore sizes ranging from 1 to 5 lm. Hydrogel synthesized at lower dose of electron beam exhibited higher swelling ability and the degree of swelling increased as the pH of surrounding medium increased and it reached the optimum swelling at pH 7. While swelling of the hydrogel decreased with the increasing ionic strength of solution, swelling at different temperatures ranging from 25 to 50°C revealed a unique character where the hydrogel shrunk at 37°C. Moreover, hydrogel synthesized at higher dose exhibited a higher degree of swelling in methanol with respect to water.

AB - The formation and swelling behavior of bacterial cellulose/acrylic acid hydrogel prepared from aqueous mixture consists of 20 : 80 (v/v) acrylic acid (AAc) and 1% bacterial cellulose dispersion under accelerated electron beam was investigated. Gel fraction of hydrogel increased with the increasing dose suggesting a denser composite at 50 kGy compared to 35 kGy. SEM photomicrographs revealed a homogenous pores distribution at higher dose with pore sizes ranging from 1 to 5 lm. Hydrogel synthesized at lower dose of electron beam exhibited higher swelling ability and the degree of swelling increased as the pH of surrounding medium increased and it reached the optimum swelling at pH 7. While swelling of the hydrogel decreased with the increasing ionic strength of solution, swelling at different temperatures ranging from 25 to 50°C revealed a unique character where the hydrogel shrunk at 37°C. Moreover, hydrogel synthesized at higher dose exhibited a higher degree of swelling in methanol with respect to water.

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