Unidirectional kenaf polypropylene composites

Optimization process by two level full factorial

Dulina Tholibon, Abu Bakar Sulong, Nur Farhani Ismail, Izdihar Tharazi, Mohd Khairul Fadzly Md Radzi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The interest of using kenaf fibers in composite fabrication has grown due to renewable, sustainable and environmental issues. The applications of kenaf composite have been broadly exploited especially in automotive industry. In this research, unidirectional kenaf polypropylene (PP) composites were prepared using the hot pressing method. The processing parameter need to be optimized to ensure that the fabrication process will enhance the mechanical properties of the composite. Thus, a research on the optimization process on the processing parameter (temperature, pressure, pressing time and kenaf percentage) on the tensile properties was conducted by using a two-level full factorial design. The effect of the individual factors and their interaction were observed. From statistical analysis, the main effect of tensile strength and young modulus is the percentage of kenaf fibers with 21.67% contribution. The interaction between kenaf percentage and pressing time also contribute an effect on the tensile properties with 13.29% contribution. Finally, the result showed that at 190°C, pressure 5 MPa, 5 minutes pressing time and 50% fiber content will give the optimum tensile strength and young modulus which is 163.12 MPa and 11.17 GPa respectively with improvement of 486% tensile strength compared to pure PP.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationFrontiers of Composite Materials
PublisherTrans Tech Publications Ltd
Pages42-45
Number of pages4
Volume894 MSF
ISBN (Print)9783035710991
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Event1st International Conference on Frontiers of Composite Materials, ICFCM 2016 - Auckland, New Zealand
Duration: 19 Nov 201621 Nov 2016

Publication series

NameMaterials Science Forum
Volume894 MSF
ISSN (Print)02555476

Other

Other1st International Conference on Frontiers of Composite Materials, ICFCM 2016
CountryNew Zealand
CityAuckland
Period19/11/1621/11/16

Fingerprint

Polypropylenes
polypropylene
pressing
Kenaf fibers
tensile strength
optimization
Tensile strength
composite materials
tensile properties
Composite materials
Tensile properties
fibers
modulus of elasticity
Elastic moduli
factorial design
Fabrication
fabrication
hot pressing
Hot pressing
Processing

Keywords

  • Mechanical properties
  • Natural fiber
  • Optimization process
  • Two level factorial design
  • Unidirectional

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Tholibon, D., Sulong, A. B., Ismail, N. F., Tharazi, I., & Md Radzi, M. K. F. (2017). Unidirectional kenaf polypropylene composites: Optimization process by two level full factorial. In Frontiers of Composite Materials (Vol. 894 MSF, pp. 42-45). (Materials Science Forum; Vol. 894 MSF). Trans Tech Publications Ltd. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.894.42

Unidirectional kenaf polypropylene composites : Optimization process by two level full factorial. / Tholibon, Dulina; Sulong, Abu Bakar; Ismail, Nur Farhani; Tharazi, Izdihar; Md Radzi, Mohd Khairul Fadzly.

Frontiers of Composite Materials. Vol. 894 MSF Trans Tech Publications Ltd, 2017. p. 42-45 (Materials Science Forum; Vol. 894 MSF).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Tholibon, D, Sulong, AB, Ismail, NF, Tharazi, I & Md Radzi, MKF 2017, Unidirectional kenaf polypropylene composites: Optimization process by two level full factorial. in Frontiers of Composite Materials. vol. 894 MSF, Materials Science Forum, vol. 894 MSF, Trans Tech Publications Ltd, pp. 42-45, 1st International Conference on Frontiers of Composite Materials, ICFCM 2016, Auckland, New Zealand, 19/11/16. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.894.42
Tholibon D, Sulong AB, Ismail NF, Tharazi I, Md Radzi MKF. Unidirectional kenaf polypropylene composites: Optimization process by two level full factorial. In Frontiers of Composite Materials. Vol. 894 MSF. Trans Tech Publications Ltd. 2017. p. 42-45. (Materials Science Forum). https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.894.42
Tholibon, Dulina ; Sulong, Abu Bakar ; Ismail, Nur Farhani ; Tharazi, Izdihar ; Md Radzi, Mohd Khairul Fadzly. / Unidirectional kenaf polypropylene composites : Optimization process by two level full factorial. Frontiers of Composite Materials. Vol. 894 MSF Trans Tech Publications Ltd, 2017. pp. 42-45 (Materials Science Forum).
@inproceedings{4392d185170943c9a4c51b64087a9fa7,
title = "Unidirectional kenaf polypropylene composites: Optimization process by two level full factorial",
abstract = "The interest of using kenaf fibers in composite fabrication has grown due to renewable, sustainable and environmental issues. The applications of kenaf composite have been broadly exploited especially in automotive industry. In this research, unidirectional kenaf polypropylene (PP) composites were prepared using the hot pressing method. The processing parameter need to be optimized to ensure that the fabrication process will enhance the mechanical properties of the composite. Thus, a research on the optimization process on the processing parameter (temperature, pressure, pressing time and kenaf percentage) on the tensile properties was conducted by using a two-level full factorial design. The effect of the individual factors and their interaction were observed. From statistical analysis, the main effect of tensile strength and young modulus is the percentage of kenaf fibers with 21.67{\%} contribution. The interaction between kenaf percentage and pressing time also contribute an effect on the tensile properties with 13.29{\%} contribution. Finally, the result showed that at 190°C, pressure 5 MPa, 5 minutes pressing time and 50{\%} fiber content will give the optimum tensile strength and young modulus which is 163.12 MPa and 11.17 GPa respectively with improvement of 486{\%} tensile strength compared to pure PP.",
keywords = "Mechanical properties, Natural fiber, Optimization process, Two level factorial design, Unidirectional",
author = "Dulina Tholibon and Sulong, {Abu Bakar} and Ismail, {Nur Farhani} and Izdihar Tharazi and {Md Radzi}, {Mohd Khairul Fadzly}",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.894.42",
language = "English",
isbn = "9783035710991",
volume = "894 MSF",
series = "Materials Science Forum",
publisher = "Trans Tech Publications Ltd",
pages = "42--45",
booktitle = "Frontiers of Composite Materials",

}

TY - GEN

T1 - Unidirectional kenaf polypropylene composites

T2 - Optimization process by two level full factorial

AU - Tholibon, Dulina

AU - Sulong, Abu Bakar

AU - Ismail, Nur Farhani

AU - Tharazi, Izdihar

AU - Md Radzi, Mohd Khairul Fadzly

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - The interest of using kenaf fibers in composite fabrication has grown due to renewable, sustainable and environmental issues. The applications of kenaf composite have been broadly exploited especially in automotive industry. In this research, unidirectional kenaf polypropylene (PP) composites were prepared using the hot pressing method. The processing parameter need to be optimized to ensure that the fabrication process will enhance the mechanical properties of the composite. Thus, a research on the optimization process on the processing parameter (temperature, pressure, pressing time and kenaf percentage) on the tensile properties was conducted by using a two-level full factorial design. The effect of the individual factors and their interaction were observed. From statistical analysis, the main effect of tensile strength and young modulus is the percentage of kenaf fibers with 21.67% contribution. The interaction between kenaf percentage and pressing time also contribute an effect on the tensile properties with 13.29% contribution. Finally, the result showed that at 190°C, pressure 5 MPa, 5 minutes pressing time and 50% fiber content will give the optimum tensile strength and young modulus which is 163.12 MPa and 11.17 GPa respectively with improvement of 486% tensile strength compared to pure PP.

AB - The interest of using kenaf fibers in composite fabrication has grown due to renewable, sustainable and environmental issues. The applications of kenaf composite have been broadly exploited especially in automotive industry. In this research, unidirectional kenaf polypropylene (PP) composites were prepared using the hot pressing method. The processing parameter need to be optimized to ensure that the fabrication process will enhance the mechanical properties of the composite. Thus, a research on the optimization process on the processing parameter (temperature, pressure, pressing time and kenaf percentage) on the tensile properties was conducted by using a two-level full factorial design. The effect of the individual factors and their interaction were observed. From statistical analysis, the main effect of tensile strength and young modulus is the percentage of kenaf fibers with 21.67% contribution. The interaction between kenaf percentage and pressing time also contribute an effect on the tensile properties with 13.29% contribution. Finally, the result showed that at 190°C, pressure 5 MPa, 5 minutes pressing time and 50% fiber content will give the optimum tensile strength and young modulus which is 163.12 MPa and 11.17 GPa respectively with improvement of 486% tensile strength compared to pure PP.

KW - Mechanical properties

KW - Natural fiber

KW - Optimization process

KW - Two level factorial design

KW - Unidirectional

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85018692817&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85018692817&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.894.42

DO - 10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.894.42

M3 - Conference contribution

SN - 9783035710991

VL - 894 MSF

T3 - Materials Science Forum

SP - 42

EP - 45

BT - Frontiers of Composite Materials

PB - Trans Tech Publications Ltd

ER -