Unglazed fiberglass reinforced polyester solar water heater with integrated storage system

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Theoretical and experimental investigations on an unglazed solar hot water heater with integrated storage system were conducted. The system was comprised of a collector and storage tank which was integrated into one unit. All parts of the system have been fabricated from fiberglass reinforced polyester (GFRP). The absorber plate has water tubes of semielliptical shape. The width and length of the absorber plate were 1.4 and 1.8 m, respectively. The absorber plate was fabricated from GFPR using a special resin composition that provides good thermal conductivity and absorptivity. The storage tank has a capacity of 496 L. The storage tank is of sandwich construction with a core material made of polyurethane foam that combines stiffness and lightness of the structure with very good thermal insulation properties. An average tank temperature of 53°C was achieved at an average solar radiation level of 700 W m2 and ambient temperature of 28°C. The thermal efficiencies of the system were evaluated at 48 and 57% for cloudy and clear days, respectively. Transient performance of the system was predicted by solving the mathematical models consisting of energy balance equations of the system that have been converted to finite difference form and solved by a personal computer. The experimental results were in close agreement as has been found with the theoretical predictions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)26-31
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Energy Engineering
Volume133
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007

Fingerprint

Solar water heaters
storage tank
Polyesters
Water heaters
Thermal insulation
Energy balance
Solar radiation
Personal computers
Polyurethanes
Foams
Thermal conductivity
Resins
Stiffness
Mathematical models
thermal conductivity
foam
water
Temperature
energy balance
stiffness

Keywords

  • Fiber reinforced polymers
  • Fiberglass
  • Solar energy
  • Storage tanks
  • Thermal factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Fuel Technology
  • Civil and Structural Engineering

Cite this

Unglazed fiberglass reinforced polyester solar water heater with integrated storage system. / Sopian, Kamaruzzaman; Syahri, M.; Abdullah, Shahrir; Othman, Mohd. Yusof; Yatim, Baharudin.

In: Journal of Energy Engineering, Vol. 133, No. 1, 2007, p. 26-31.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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