Ultracision versus electrocautery in performing modified radical mastectomy and axillary lymph node dissection for breast cancer

A prospective randomized control trial

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Treatment for breast cancer has improved dramatically over the decades. Nevertheless, modified radical mastectomy with axillary dissection remains the standard treatment for most patients, especially those with big tumours. The conventional technology is to use diathermy to cut and coagulate blood vessels. The Ultracision dissector has been widely used in laparoscopic surgery and is documented to be safe and fast for cutting and coagulating tissue. The aim of this study is to compare ultracision to electrocautery, looking in terms of amount of post operative drainage, duration of drain days, seroma formation and other complications. Methodology: This study was a prospective randomized control trial of modified radical mastectomy performed for breast cancer in Pusat Perubatan Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (PPUKM) between 1st June 2007 to 31st December 2008. Patients were randomized in two groups: group A (n = 20) underwent modified radical mastectomy using ultracision (UC) and group B (n = 20) with the conventional electrocautery (EC) method. Main outcome measures were amount of drainage and duration of drain days. An unpaired 2-tailed Student's t test and the ×2 test to compare the groups. Results: A total of 40 patients were involved in this study. The majority of patients were Malay (55%) followed by Chinese (35%), Indian (5%) and others (5%). The mean volume of drainage from the axilla in the EC group was significantly higher than UC group [489.5 versus 188.1 mls (p < 0.001)]. The mean volume of drainage from the breast and the total drainage from both the breast and axilla was also significantly higher in the EC group compared to UC [169.3 versus 58.8 mls (p = 0.004) and 663.7 versus 247.0 mls (p < 0.002) respectively]. The drainage consequently showed significant reduction in terms of drain days in the axilla [6 days versus 3 days (p < 0.002)] and the breast [3 days versus 2 days (p < 0.002)] in the UC compared to the EC. There was no significant complication in both arms. In conclusion, the use of ultracision able to reduce the amount of drainage and the number of drain days after performing modified radical mastectomy. In doing so, the use of this technology enable us to discharge patients earlier without significant morbidities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)204-207
Number of pages4
JournalMedical Journal of Malaysia
Volume68
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2013

Fingerprint

Modified Radical Mastectomy
Electrocoagulation
Lymph Node Excision
Drainage
Breast Neoplasms
Axilla
Breast
Technology
Diathermy
Seroma
Patient Discharge
Malaysia
Laparoscopy
Blood Vessels
Dissection
Arm
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Students
Morbidity
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • Breast cancer
  • Electrocautery
  • Modified radical mastectomy
  • Surgery
  • Ultracision

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

@article{0127e96f26c04f4682e30e21d872a36d,
title = "Ultracision versus electrocautery in performing modified radical mastectomy and axillary lymph node dissection for breast cancer: A prospective randomized control trial",
abstract = "Background: Treatment for breast cancer has improved dramatically over the decades. Nevertheless, modified radical mastectomy with axillary dissection remains the standard treatment for most patients, especially those with big tumours. The conventional technology is to use diathermy to cut and coagulate blood vessels. The Ultracision dissector has been widely used in laparoscopic surgery and is documented to be safe and fast for cutting and coagulating tissue. The aim of this study is to compare ultracision to electrocautery, looking in terms of amount of post operative drainage, duration of drain days, seroma formation and other complications. Methodology: This study was a prospective randomized control trial of modified radical mastectomy performed for breast cancer in Pusat Perubatan Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (PPUKM) between 1st June 2007 to 31st December 2008. Patients were randomized in two groups: group A (n = 20) underwent modified radical mastectomy using ultracision (UC) and group B (n = 20) with the conventional electrocautery (EC) method. Main outcome measures were amount of drainage and duration of drain days. An unpaired 2-tailed Student's t test and the ×2 test to compare the groups. Results: A total of 40 patients were involved in this study. The majority of patients were Malay (55{\%}) followed by Chinese (35{\%}), Indian (5{\%}) and others (5{\%}). The mean volume of drainage from the axilla in the EC group was significantly higher than UC group [489.5 versus 188.1 mls (p < 0.001)]. The mean volume of drainage from the breast and the total drainage from both the breast and axilla was also significantly higher in the EC group compared to UC [169.3 versus 58.8 mls (p = 0.004) and 663.7 versus 247.0 mls (p < 0.002) respectively]. The drainage consequently showed significant reduction in terms of drain days in the axilla [6 days versus 3 days (p < 0.002)] and the breast [3 days versus 2 days (p < 0.002)] in the UC compared to the EC. There was no significant complication in both arms. In conclusion, the use of ultracision able to reduce the amount of drainage and the number of drain days after performing modified radical mastectomy. In doing so, the use of this technology enable us to discharge patients earlier without significant morbidities.",
keywords = "Breast cancer, Electrocautery, Modified radical mastectomy, Surgery, Ultracision",
author = "Rohaizak Muhammad and Johann, {Khan Faizal} and Jasmin, {Saladina Jaszle} and {Md. Latar}, {Nani Harlina} and {Abdullah Suhaimi}, {Shahrun Niza}",
year = "2013",
month = "6",
language = "English",
volume = "68",
pages = "204--207",
journal = "Medical Journal of Malaysia",
issn = "0300-5283",
publisher = "Malaysian Medical Association",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Ultracision versus electrocautery in performing modified radical mastectomy and axillary lymph node dissection for breast cancer

T2 - A prospective randomized control trial

AU - Muhammad, Rohaizak

AU - Johann, Khan Faizal

AU - Jasmin, Saladina Jaszle

AU - Md. Latar, Nani Harlina

AU - Abdullah Suhaimi, Shahrun Niza

PY - 2013/6

Y1 - 2013/6

N2 - Background: Treatment for breast cancer has improved dramatically over the decades. Nevertheless, modified radical mastectomy with axillary dissection remains the standard treatment for most patients, especially those with big tumours. The conventional technology is to use diathermy to cut and coagulate blood vessels. The Ultracision dissector has been widely used in laparoscopic surgery and is documented to be safe and fast for cutting and coagulating tissue. The aim of this study is to compare ultracision to electrocautery, looking in terms of amount of post operative drainage, duration of drain days, seroma formation and other complications. Methodology: This study was a prospective randomized control trial of modified radical mastectomy performed for breast cancer in Pusat Perubatan Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (PPUKM) between 1st June 2007 to 31st December 2008. Patients were randomized in two groups: group A (n = 20) underwent modified radical mastectomy using ultracision (UC) and group B (n = 20) with the conventional electrocautery (EC) method. Main outcome measures were amount of drainage and duration of drain days. An unpaired 2-tailed Student's t test and the ×2 test to compare the groups. Results: A total of 40 patients were involved in this study. The majority of patients were Malay (55%) followed by Chinese (35%), Indian (5%) and others (5%). The mean volume of drainage from the axilla in the EC group was significantly higher than UC group [489.5 versus 188.1 mls (p < 0.001)]. The mean volume of drainage from the breast and the total drainage from both the breast and axilla was also significantly higher in the EC group compared to UC [169.3 versus 58.8 mls (p = 0.004) and 663.7 versus 247.0 mls (p < 0.002) respectively]. The drainage consequently showed significant reduction in terms of drain days in the axilla [6 days versus 3 days (p < 0.002)] and the breast [3 days versus 2 days (p < 0.002)] in the UC compared to the EC. There was no significant complication in both arms. In conclusion, the use of ultracision able to reduce the amount of drainage and the number of drain days after performing modified radical mastectomy. In doing so, the use of this technology enable us to discharge patients earlier without significant morbidities.

AB - Background: Treatment for breast cancer has improved dramatically over the decades. Nevertheless, modified radical mastectomy with axillary dissection remains the standard treatment for most patients, especially those with big tumours. The conventional technology is to use diathermy to cut and coagulate blood vessels. The Ultracision dissector has been widely used in laparoscopic surgery and is documented to be safe and fast for cutting and coagulating tissue. The aim of this study is to compare ultracision to electrocautery, looking in terms of amount of post operative drainage, duration of drain days, seroma formation and other complications. Methodology: This study was a prospective randomized control trial of modified radical mastectomy performed for breast cancer in Pusat Perubatan Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (PPUKM) between 1st June 2007 to 31st December 2008. Patients were randomized in two groups: group A (n = 20) underwent modified radical mastectomy using ultracision (UC) and group B (n = 20) with the conventional electrocautery (EC) method. Main outcome measures were amount of drainage and duration of drain days. An unpaired 2-tailed Student's t test and the ×2 test to compare the groups. Results: A total of 40 patients were involved in this study. The majority of patients were Malay (55%) followed by Chinese (35%), Indian (5%) and others (5%). The mean volume of drainage from the axilla in the EC group was significantly higher than UC group [489.5 versus 188.1 mls (p < 0.001)]. The mean volume of drainage from the breast and the total drainage from both the breast and axilla was also significantly higher in the EC group compared to UC [169.3 versus 58.8 mls (p = 0.004) and 663.7 versus 247.0 mls (p < 0.002) respectively]. The drainage consequently showed significant reduction in terms of drain days in the axilla [6 days versus 3 days (p < 0.002)] and the breast [3 days versus 2 days (p < 0.002)] in the UC compared to the EC. There was no significant complication in both arms. In conclusion, the use of ultracision able to reduce the amount of drainage and the number of drain days after performing modified radical mastectomy. In doing so, the use of this technology enable us to discharge patients earlier without significant morbidities.

KW - Breast cancer

KW - Electrocautery

KW - Modified radical mastectomy

KW - Surgery

KW - Ultracision

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JO - Medical Journal of Malaysia

JF - Medical Journal of Malaysia

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