Turbulence dissipation & its induced entrainment in subsonic swirling steam injected in cocurrent flowing water

Afrasyab Khan, Mohd Sobri Takriff, Masli Irwan Rosli, Nur Tantiyani Ali Othman, Khairuddin Sanaullah, Andrew Ragai Henry Rigit, Ajmal Shah, Atta Ullah, Muhammad Umar Mushtaq

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Subsonic swirling steam induced turbulence, its dissipation, and entrainment inside the concurrent flowing water has been investigated on an experimental basis. Pressure fluctuations of dissimilar amplitudes have been observed which have been attributed to the vortices and hence instances for entrainment on a spatial basis. The extent of turbulence dissipation has been measured by the rate of decrement of the smallest pressure fluctuation of amplitude 0.04 bars. It has been observed that the turbulence dissipation along radial direction rises from 2.3 to 6.3 fluctuations/cm with rising in the inlet pressure of steam & till 12.5 fluctuations/cm in case of rising in rpm of the swirler. On a temporal scale, the turbulence dissipation varies from 0.7 fluctuations/sec at initial conditions which rise till 1.9 fluctuations/sec with the rise in inlet pressure of steam & 3.7 fluctuations/sec in case of rising in rpm of the swirler. Effect of rising in compressibility & rpm on sheer layer transformation into vortices imparted in terms of spatial dislocation along the axial axis, which ranges from 64–66% to 35–41% respectively. The extent of entrainment has found to be influenced by an increase in the compressibility, the rpm of the swirler and the surrounding water inlet pressure, which has been represented by the number of occurrences of the vortices across radial and axial directions. Effects imparted by the given conditions on fluctuations, entrainment, and non-dimensionalized flux has also been investigated.

Original languageEnglish
Article number118716
JournalInternational Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer
Volume145
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2019

Fingerprint

swirling
Steam
entrainment
steam
Turbulence
dissipation
turbulence
Water
inlet pressure
Vortex flow
water
Compressibility
vortices
compressibility
water pressure
Fluxes
occurrences

Keywords

  • Dissipation
  • Entrainment
  • Scale
  • Swirling steam
  • Turbulence
  • Vortices

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

Cite this

Turbulence dissipation & its induced entrainment in subsonic swirling steam injected in cocurrent flowing water. / Khan, Afrasyab; Takriff, Mohd Sobri; Rosli, Masli Irwan; Othman, Nur Tantiyani Ali; Sanaullah, Khairuddin; Rigit, Andrew Ragai Henry; Shah, Ajmal; Ullah, Atta; Mushtaq, Muhammad Umar.

In: International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol. 145, 118716, 12.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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