Triple crossings of a string of magnetic islands at duskside magnetopause encountered by AMPTE/IRM satellite on 8 August 1985

Teh Wai Leong, L. N. Hau

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13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

There have been a number of reports on the existence of pearl-like magnetic island structures at the magnetopause current layer based on the analyses of single spacecraft data and two-dimensional reconstruction method of solving the Grad-Shafranov equation as a spatial initial value problem. This paper presents an unusual event of multiple magnetopause crossings encountered by AMPTE/IRM satellite at the duskside equatorial plane on 8 August, 1985. In a total of 11 magnetopause crossings spanning for nearly 2 hours, crossing 3, 4, and 9 display similar features of a string of magnetic islands imbedded within the overall tangential discontinuity-like current layers. In these crossings, the deHoffmann-Teller velocities form approximately 90° from the magnetopause normal that the in-and-out magnetopause motion becomes subsiding for the satellite to pick up the pearl-like plasmoids with island width of about 6-12 ion inertial length. In particular, crossing 3 and 9 are 1 hour apart but have almost the same magnetopause normal and deHoffmann-Teller velocity as well as similar invariant axis. A region of cold plasma adjacent to the magnetopause within the magnetosphere, the low-latitude boundary layer, is seen in all three crossings.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberA08207
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics
Volume112
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2007
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Magnetopause
AMPTE (satellites)
information resources management
magnetic islands
magnetopause
strings
Satellites
pearls
Plasma Gases
Magnetosphere
cold zones
Initial value problems
Magnetic structure
cold plasmas
tropical regions
boundary value problems
magnetospheres
magnetosphere
Spacecraft
boundary layers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

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title = "Triple crossings of a string of magnetic islands at duskside magnetopause encountered by AMPTE/IRM satellite on 8 August 1985",
abstract = "There have been a number of reports on the existence of pearl-like magnetic island structures at the magnetopause current layer based on the analyses of single spacecraft data and two-dimensional reconstruction method of solving the Grad-Shafranov equation as a spatial initial value problem. This paper presents an unusual event of multiple magnetopause crossings encountered by AMPTE/IRM satellite at the duskside equatorial plane on 8 August, 1985. In a total of 11 magnetopause crossings spanning for nearly 2 hours, crossing 3, 4, and 9 display similar features of a string of magnetic islands imbedded within the overall tangential discontinuity-like current layers. In these crossings, the deHoffmann-Teller velocities form approximately 90° from the magnetopause normal that the in-and-out magnetopause motion becomes subsiding for the satellite to pick up the pearl-like plasmoids with island width of about 6-12 ion inertial length. In particular, crossing 3 and 9 are 1 hour apart but have almost the same magnetopause normal and deHoffmann-Teller velocity as well as similar invariant axis. A region of cold plasma adjacent to the magnetopause within the magnetosphere, the low-latitude boundary layer, is seen in all three crossings.",
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AB - There have been a number of reports on the existence of pearl-like magnetic island structures at the magnetopause current layer based on the analyses of single spacecraft data and two-dimensional reconstruction method of solving the Grad-Shafranov equation as a spatial initial value problem. This paper presents an unusual event of multiple magnetopause crossings encountered by AMPTE/IRM satellite at the duskside equatorial plane on 8 August, 1985. In a total of 11 magnetopause crossings spanning for nearly 2 hours, crossing 3, 4, and 9 display similar features of a string of magnetic islands imbedded within the overall tangential discontinuity-like current layers. In these crossings, the deHoffmann-Teller velocities form approximately 90° from the magnetopause normal that the in-and-out magnetopause motion becomes subsiding for the satellite to pick up the pearl-like plasmoids with island width of about 6-12 ion inertial length. In particular, crossing 3 and 9 are 1 hour apart but have almost the same magnetopause normal and deHoffmann-Teller velocity as well as similar invariant axis. A region of cold plasma adjacent to the magnetopause within the magnetosphere, the low-latitude boundary layer, is seen in all three crossings.

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