Tribology in biology: Biomimetic studies across dimensions and across fields

I. C. Gebeshuber, Burhanuddin Yeop Majlis, H. Stachelberger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Biomimetics is a field that has the potential to drive major technical advances. It might substantially support successful mastering of current tribological challenges, i.e., friction, adhesion and wear in machines and devices from the meter to the nanometer scale. Science currently goes through a major change, with biology gaining increasing importance. Indeed, biology is becoming the new Leitwissenschaft. Tribology is omnipresent in biology. Various examples for biological tribosystems across dimensions are introduced to the reader, exemplifying the hierarchical nature of biomaterials, and concepts such as integration instead of additive construction, optimization of the whole instead of maximization of a single component feature, multi-functionality instead of mono-functionality and development via trial-and-error processes. The current state of biomimetics in tribology is reviewed, and possible biomimetic scenarios to overcome current tribological challenges are suggested (switchable adhesives, micromechanic devices, novel lubricants and adhesives).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)321-327
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Mechanical and Materials Engineering
Volume4
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2009

Fingerprint

Tribology
Biomimetics
Adhesives
Micromechanics
Biocompatible Materials
Biomaterials
Lubricants
Adhesion
Wear of materials
Friction

Keywords

  • Biomimetics
  • Biotribology
  • Learning from nature
  • Multidisciplinarity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

Tribology in biology : Biomimetic studies across dimensions and across fields. / Gebeshuber, I. C.; Yeop Majlis, Burhanuddin; Stachelberger, H.

In: International Journal of Mechanical and Materials Engineering, Vol. 4, No. 3, 12.2009, p. 321-327.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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