Treatment of symptoms of common cold by general practitioners in Malaysia

Thomas Paraidathathu, Chua Yau Li, Chua Siew Siang

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    3 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    This cross-sectional study was conducted at 50 clinics (25 in urban areas and 25 in rural areas) of private general practitioners (GPs), using a disguised-customer design. The researcher presented at each clinic as a patient complaining of symptoms of common cold. The treatment and advice given was recorded. Medicines prescribed were cough medicines (25.5%), antibiotics (18.5%), antipyretic/analgesics (14.8%), antihistamines (13.9%), lozenges (11.6%), combination of antihistamines and decongestants (9.7%), vitamin C (2.7%) and other medications (3.7%). Overall, 80% of the GPs prescribed antibiotics and this was more prevalent in the rural clinics (92% versus 68%, p = 0.034). There were significant differences in the instructions given to the patients by the clinic assistants in the urban and rural areas. The average treatment cost was RM31.76+9.43, with significant difference between urban and rural clinics (RM35.72+6.41 versus RM27.80+10.38, p<0.05). The high prevalence of antibiotics prescribed for common cold is a cause for concern.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)479-481
    Number of pages3
    JournalInternational Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences
    Volume4
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - 2012

    Fingerprint

    Common Cold
    Malaysia
    General Practitioners
    Histamine Antagonists
    Anti-Bacterial Agents
    Nasal Decongestants
    Antipyretics
    Cough
    Health Care Costs
    Ascorbic Acid
    Analgesics
    Therapeutics
    Cross-Sectional Studies
    Research Personnel

    Keywords

    • Antibiotics
    • Common cold
    • General practitioners
    • Irrational use

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Pharmaceutical Science
    • Pharmacology

    Cite this

    Treatment of symptoms of common cold by general practitioners in Malaysia. / Paraidathathu, Thomas; Li, Chua Yau; Siang, Chua Siew.

    In: International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vol. 4, No. 4, 2012, p. 479-481.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Paraidathathu, Thomas ; Li, Chua Yau ; Siang, Chua Siew. / Treatment of symptoms of common cold by general practitioners in Malaysia. In: International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2012 ; Vol. 4, No. 4. pp. 479-481.
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