Treatment of Adsorbable organic halides from recycled paper industry wastewater using a GAC-SBBR pilot plant system

M. H. Muhamad, Siti Rozaimah Sheikh Abdullah, Abu Bakar Mohamad, R. A. Rahman, A. A H Khadum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Wastewater originating from recycled paper industry is known to be potentially toxic/inhibitory. Adsorbable Organic Halides (AOX) are among the toxic constituents generated from the recycled paper industry. The problems associated with AOX in the environment are their accumulation in the food chain and their persistence in nature. Hence, it is imperative to improve the effluent quality emanating from the recycled paper industry in order to meet the future discharge limits. One the plausible treatment technique is the use of the Sequencing Batch Biofilm Reactor (SBBR) with an option for Granular Activated Carbon (GAC) dosing. Pilot scale reactor based on combined physical-biological treatment of this GAC-SBBR system has been fabricated and evaluated for performance in the treatment of effluent from a recycled paper mill. The pilot GAC-SBBR was constructed in Muda Recycled Paper Mill located in Kajang, Selangor. It comprises of a High-density Polyethylene (HDPE) biofilm reactor with a diameter of 1.2 m, maximum water depth of 1.8 m and packed with 200 g L-1 of 2-3 mm granular activated carbon (coconut shells). The entire plant set-up was successfully commissioned. As a first step in the design procedure, a pilot test was run for a period of 2 months which include biomass acclimatization process for 1 month. Preliminary results showed that the GAC-SBBR could be an appropriate technology for the treatment of the wastewater. Based on reactor operation, the removal efficiencies of Pentachlorophenol (PCP) from the treated effluent was in the range between 82-100%, while the COD removal efficiency was between 39-81%. The initial results of pilot scale showed that the biofilm attached onto granular activated carbon can substantially remove the PCP recalcitrant in the wastewater. This research uses PCP as a model for AOX compound to study the adsorption and biodegradation of PCP in pilot plant biofilm reactor system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2388-2393
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Applied Sciences
Volume11
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Fingerprint

halide
activated carbon
biofilm
wastewater
PCP
effluent
mill
appropriate technology
reactor
pilot plant
recycled paper
paper industry
food chain
acclimation
biodegradation
water depth
persistence
shell
adsorption
biomass

Keywords

  • Adsorbable organic halides (AOX)
  • Pentachlorophenol
  • Pilot plant GAC-SBBR
  • Recycled paper industry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

Treatment of Adsorbable organic halides from recycled paper industry wastewater using a GAC-SBBR pilot plant system. / Muhamad, M. H.; Sheikh Abdullah, Siti Rozaimah; Mohamad, Abu Bakar; Rahman, R. A.; Khadum, A. A H.

In: Journal of Applied Sciences, Vol. 11, No. 13, 2011, p. 2388-2393.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Muhamad, M. H. ; Sheikh Abdullah, Siti Rozaimah ; Mohamad, Abu Bakar ; Rahman, R. A. ; Khadum, A. A H. / Treatment of Adsorbable organic halides from recycled paper industry wastewater using a GAC-SBBR pilot plant system. In: Journal of Applied Sciences. 2011 ; Vol. 11, No. 13. pp. 2388-2393.
@article{b5acf9a53c944798a120d85247235a3e,
title = "Treatment of Adsorbable organic halides from recycled paper industry wastewater using a GAC-SBBR pilot plant system",
abstract = "Wastewater originating from recycled paper industry is known to be potentially toxic/inhibitory. Adsorbable Organic Halides (AOX) are among the toxic constituents generated from the recycled paper industry. The problems associated with AOX in the environment are their accumulation in the food chain and their persistence in nature. Hence, it is imperative to improve the effluent quality emanating from the recycled paper industry in order to meet the future discharge limits. One the plausible treatment technique is the use of the Sequencing Batch Biofilm Reactor (SBBR) with an option for Granular Activated Carbon (GAC) dosing. Pilot scale reactor based on combined physical-biological treatment of this GAC-SBBR system has been fabricated and evaluated for performance in the treatment of effluent from a recycled paper mill. The pilot GAC-SBBR was constructed in Muda Recycled Paper Mill located in Kajang, Selangor. It comprises of a High-density Polyethylene (HDPE) biofilm reactor with a diameter of 1.2 m, maximum water depth of 1.8 m and packed with 200 g L-1 of 2-3 mm granular activated carbon (coconut shells). The entire plant set-up was successfully commissioned. As a first step in the design procedure, a pilot test was run for a period of 2 months which include biomass acclimatization process for 1 month. Preliminary results showed that the GAC-SBBR could be an appropriate technology for the treatment of the wastewater. Based on reactor operation, the removal efficiencies of Pentachlorophenol (PCP) from the treated effluent was in the range between 82-100{\%}, while the COD removal efficiency was between 39-81{\%}. The initial results of pilot scale showed that the biofilm attached onto granular activated carbon can substantially remove the PCP recalcitrant in the wastewater. This research uses PCP as a model for AOX compound to study the adsorption and biodegradation of PCP in pilot plant biofilm reactor system.",
keywords = "Adsorbable organic halides (AOX), Pentachlorophenol, Pilot plant GAC-SBBR, Recycled paper industry",
author = "Muhamad, {M. H.} and {Sheikh Abdullah}, {Siti Rozaimah} and Mohamad, {Abu Bakar} and Rahman, {R. A.} and Khadum, {A. A H}",
year = "2011",
doi = "10.3923/jas.2011.2388.2393",
language = "English",
volume = "11",
pages = "2388--2393",
journal = "Journal of Applied Sciences",
issn = "1812-5654",
publisher = "Asian Network for Scientific Information",
number = "13",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Treatment of Adsorbable organic halides from recycled paper industry wastewater using a GAC-SBBR pilot plant system

AU - Muhamad, M. H.

AU - Sheikh Abdullah, Siti Rozaimah

AU - Mohamad, Abu Bakar

AU - Rahman, R. A.

AU - Khadum, A. A H

PY - 2011

Y1 - 2011

N2 - Wastewater originating from recycled paper industry is known to be potentially toxic/inhibitory. Adsorbable Organic Halides (AOX) are among the toxic constituents generated from the recycled paper industry. The problems associated with AOX in the environment are their accumulation in the food chain and their persistence in nature. Hence, it is imperative to improve the effluent quality emanating from the recycled paper industry in order to meet the future discharge limits. One the plausible treatment technique is the use of the Sequencing Batch Biofilm Reactor (SBBR) with an option for Granular Activated Carbon (GAC) dosing. Pilot scale reactor based on combined physical-biological treatment of this GAC-SBBR system has been fabricated and evaluated for performance in the treatment of effluent from a recycled paper mill. The pilot GAC-SBBR was constructed in Muda Recycled Paper Mill located in Kajang, Selangor. It comprises of a High-density Polyethylene (HDPE) biofilm reactor with a diameter of 1.2 m, maximum water depth of 1.8 m and packed with 200 g L-1 of 2-3 mm granular activated carbon (coconut shells). The entire plant set-up was successfully commissioned. As a first step in the design procedure, a pilot test was run for a period of 2 months which include biomass acclimatization process for 1 month. Preliminary results showed that the GAC-SBBR could be an appropriate technology for the treatment of the wastewater. Based on reactor operation, the removal efficiencies of Pentachlorophenol (PCP) from the treated effluent was in the range between 82-100%, while the COD removal efficiency was between 39-81%. The initial results of pilot scale showed that the biofilm attached onto granular activated carbon can substantially remove the PCP recalcitrant in the wastewater. This research uses PCP as a model for AOX compound to study the adsorption and biodegradation of PCP in pilot plant biofilm reactor system.

AB - Wastewater originating from recycled paper industry is known to be potentially toxic/inhibitory. Adsorbable Organic Halides (AOX) are among the toxic constituents generated from the recycled paper industry. The problems associated with AOX in the environment are their accumulation in the food chain and their persistence in nature. Hence, it is imperative to improve the effluent quality emanating from the recycled paper industry in order to meet the future discharge limits. One the plausible treatment technique is the use of the Sequencing Batch Biofilm Reactor (SBBR) with an option for Granular Activated Carbon (GAC) dosing. Pilot scale reactor based on combined physical-biological treatment of this GAC-SBBR system has been fabricated and evaluated for performance in the treatment of effluent from a recycled paper mill. The pilot GAC-SBBR was constructed in Muda Recycled Paper Mill located in Kajang, Selangor. It comprises of a High-density Polyethylene (HDPE) biofilm reactor with a diameter of 1.2 m, maximum water depth of 1.8 m and packed with 200 g L-1 of 2-3 mm granular activated carbon (coconut shells). The entire plant set-up was successfully commissioned. As a first step in the design procedure, a pilot test was run for a period of 2 months which include biomass acclimatization process for 1 month. Preliminary results showed that the GAC-SBBR could be an appropriate technology for the treatment of the wastewater. Based on reactor operation, the removal efficiencies of Pentachlorophenol (PCP) from the treated effluent was in the range between 82-100%, while the COD removal efficiency was between 39-81%. The initial results of pilot scale showed that the biofilm attached onto granular activated carbon can substantially remove the PCP recalcitrant in the wastewater. This research uses PCP as a model for AOX compound to study the adsorption and biodegradation of PCP in pilot plant biofilm reactor system.

KW - Adsorbable organic halides (AOX)

KW - Pentachlorophenol

KW - Pilot plant GAC-SBBR

KW - Recycled paper industry

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=79957516276&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=79957516276&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3923/jas.2011.2388.2393

DO - 10.3923/jas.2011.2388.2393

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:79957516276

VL - 11

SP - 2388

EP - 2393

JO - Journal of Applied Sciences

JF - Journal of Applied Sciences

SN - 1812-5654

IS - 13

ER -