Transient natural convection heat transfer in nanoliquid-saturated porous oblique cavity using thermal non-equilibrium model

A. I. Alsabery, H. Saleh, Ishak Hashim, P. G. Siddheshwar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The problem of transient natural convection heat transfer in a nanoliquid-saturated porous oblique cavity is studied numerically using the finite difference method. The hot left wall of the cavity is maintained at a constant temperature and so is the cold right wall. The horizontal walls allow no heat transfer to the surrounding. The Darcy law is used along with the Boussinesq approximation for the flow. The heat transfer equations are those of a two-phase medium, one for the nanoliquid and another for the porous medium. Water-based nanoliquids with Ag or Cu or Al2O3 or TiO2 nanoparticles are chosen for investigation. The governing parameters of this study are the Rayleigh number (102≤Ra≤104), modified conductivity ratio (0.1≤γ≤1000), inter-phase heat transfer (0.1≤H≤1000), inclination angle of the sloping walls (-π3≤ω≤π3), volume fraction of nanoparticles (0≤φ≤0.2) and dimensionless time (0≤τ≤0.1). The assumption of local thermal non-equilibrium leads to an enhanced heat transfer situation in nanoliquids saturating a porous medium compared to that in a porous medium with local thermal equilibrium. Explanation for the observed influences of various parameters on streamlines, isotherms and weighted average Nusselt number is given in terms of thermophysical properties of four nanoparticles, water and porous medium. It is shown that the strength of the flow circulation increases for the relative concentration of nanoliquid with the increment of the inclination angle to the positive direction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)233-245
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Mechanical Sciences
Volume114
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2016

Fingerprint

Natural convection
free convection
heat transfer
Porous materials
Heat transfer
cavities
Nanoparticles
nanoparticles
inclination
cold walls
Boussinesq approximation
Water
thermophysical properties
Rayleigh number
Nusselt number
Finite difference method
water
Isotherms
Volume fraction
isotherms

Keywords

  • Finite difference method
  • Nanoliquid
  • Oblique cavity
  • Porous media
  • Thermal non-equilibrium
  • Transient natural convection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Transient natural convection heat transfer in nanoliquid-saturated porous oblique cavity using thermal non-equilibrium model. / Alsabery, A. I.; Saleh, H.; Hashim, Ishak; Siddheshwar, P. G.

In: International Journal of Mechanical Sciences, Vol. 114, 01.08.2016, p. 233-245.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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