Transforming growth factor beta 3 induced human adipose-derived stem cells for auricular chondrogenesis

Siti Nurhadis Che Omar, Bee See Goh, Muhammad Azhan Ubaidah, Khairul Anuar Khairoji, Shamsul Sulaiman, Lokman Saim, Chua Kien Hui

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The limitation of self-repair and proliferation capacity of chondrocytes in cartilage reconstruction lead to alternative search of cell source that can improve the auricular regeneration. Human adipose-derived stem cells (HADSC) are an alternative cell source that have unique characteristics to self-renew and differentiate into various tissues making it suitable for cell therapy and tissue engineering. This study aimed to examine the chondrogenic differentiation potential of (HADSC) in monolayer culture by the presence of different transforming growth factor beta’s, TFG-β1, -β2 and -β3. HADSC at passage 3 (1.5 × 105 cell/mL) were cultured in chondrogenic medium containing 5 ng/mL of different transforming growth factor beta’s, TFG-β1, -β2 and -β3 for 7, 14 and 21 days. Data analysis was evaluated based on the growth rate of cells, cells morphological changed, production of collagen type II and glycosaminoglycan sulphate (sGAG). The quantitative RT-PCR was carried out to determine the chondrogenic, fibrogenic and hypertrophic gene expression levels. Differentiation of HADSC into chondrocytes using TFG-β indicates the occurrence of the chondrogenesis process. The best chondrogenic differentiation was observed in HADSC induced by TFG-β3 through the chondrocytes-like cells morphology with cells aggregation and high production of proteoglycan matrices compared to other TGF-βs groups. Additionally, the expression of chondrocytes-specific genes such as Type II collagen, Aggrecan core protein, Elastin and Sox 9 was high. In conclusion, this study has showed that TGF-β3 is the potential growth factor in producing chondrogenic cells for auricular cartilage tissue engineering.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2349-2358
Number of pages10
JournalSains Malaysiana
Volume47
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2018

Fingerprint

Chondrogenesis
Transforming Growth Factor beta
Stem Cells
Chondrocytes
Collagen Type II
Tissue Engineering
Ear Cartilage
Cell Engineering
Aggrecans
Cell Aggregation
Elastin
Proteoglycans
Cell- and Tissue-Based Therapy
Glycosaminoglycans
Sulfates
Cartilage
Regeneration
Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
Gene Expression
Polymerase Chain Reaction

Keywords

  • Chondrocytes
  • Chondrogenic differentiation
  • Human adipose-derived stem
  • Induction
  • Tgf-β3

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

Transforming growth factor beta 3 induced human adipose-derived stem cells for auricular chondrogenesis. / Omar, Siti Nurhadis Che; Goh, Bee See; Ubaidah, Muhammad Azhan; Khairoji, Khairul Anuar; Sulaiman, Shamsul; Saim, Lokman; Kien Hui, Chua.

In: Sains Malaysiana, Vol. 47, No. 10, 01.10.2018, p. 2349-2358.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Omar, Siti Nurhadis Che ; Goh, Bee See ; Ubaidah, Muhammad Azhan ; Khairoji, Khairul Anuar ; Sulaiman, Shamsul ; Saim, Lokman ; Kien Hui, Chua. / Transforming growth factor beta 3 induced human adipose-derived stem cells for auricular chondrogenesis. In: Sains Malaysiana. 2018 ; Vol. 47, No. 10. pp. 2349-2358.
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