Transformation in engineering and technology during era of suleyman the magnificent

Roziah Sidik @ Mat Sidek, Mat Sidek, Ahmad Sobrie Haji Ab Rahman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The development of Ottoman science and technology throughout six centuries since its founding had a very interesting journey. The reason is that the Ottoman state succeeded in adapting the element of science and technology of both the Islamic society and the non-Muslim society whether within its dominion or otherwise. The dynamic Ottoman socio-political system was formed due to Ottoman patronage of the enemies of Islam and Christian society as well as Jewish refugees under Ottoman authority. The factor of common border between the Ottoman state and the West as well as their active relationship also contributed to the advancement of Ottoman science and technology. The Ottoman scientific tradition in the beginning was formed under the scientific influence of the past Islamic society and also the contribution of Western societies such as of Bosnia and Albania, which embraced Islam after their territories were opened. The contributions of the Christian society who lived in Anatolia and Balkan, as well as of the Jewish scientists of Andalus who sought refuge in the Ottoman state cannot be forgotten. In the 16th Century CE, especially during the reign of Suleyman the Magnificent, Ottoman scientific development, which was inspired by the Islamic scientific heritage, achieved exceptional success in developing Islamic science and proliferated works in various branches of science and technology, including mathematics, medicine, geography and engineering. Hence, this article elaborates on the transformations which occurred during the era of Suleyman the Magnificent by focusing on transformations in engineering and technology. The methodology adopted comprises of historical study and content analysis. This methodology was selected because historical study involves study of a past occurrence while content analysis study focuses on past studies for the purpose of explaining the planned objective. Results of analysis done finds that various transformations took place in the field of engineering, including construction of domes, illumination, acoustic technical system, complex construction and town planning (civil engineering), discoveries, inventions and innovations in clock-making, water lifting devices or machine and steam turbine (mechanical engineering).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)840-851
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology
Volume9
Issue number13
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2018

Fingerprint

Domes
Patents and inventions
Mechanical engineering
Steam turbines
Civil engineering
Medicine
Clocks
Innovation
Lighting
Acoustics
Planning
Water

Keywords

  • Engineering
  • Suleyman the magnificent
  • Technology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Computer Networks and Communications

Cite this

Transformation in engineering and technology during era of suleyman the magnificent. / Sidik @ Mat Sidek, Roziah; Sidek, Mat; Ab Rahman, Ahmad Sobrie Haji.

In: International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology, Vol. 9, No. 13, 01.12.2018, p. 840-851.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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