Towards the 3D modelling of the effective conductivity of solid oxide fuel cell electrodes - Validation against experimental measurements and prediction of electrochemical performance

K. Rhazaoui, Q. Cai, M. Kishimoto, F. Tariq, Mahendra Rao Somalu, C. S. Adjiman, N. P. Brandon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effective conductivity of thick-film solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) electrodes plays a key role in their performance. It determines the ability of the electrode to transport charge to/from reaction sites to the current collector and electrolyte. In this paper, the validity of the recently proposed 3D resistor network model for the prediction of effective conductivity, the ResNet model, is investigated by comparison to experimental data. The 3D microstructures of Ni/10ScSZ anodes are reconstructed using tomography through the focused ion beam and scanning electron microscopy (FIB-SEM) technique. This is used as geometric input to the ResNet model to predict the effective conductivities, which are then compared against the experimentally measured values on the same electrodes. Good agreement is observed, supporting the validity of the ResNet model for predicting the effective conductivity of SOFC electrodes. The ResNet model is then combined with the volume-of-fluid (VOF) method to integrate the description of the local conductivity (electronic and ionic) in the prediction of electrochemical performance. The results show that the electrochemical performance is in particular sensitive to the ionic conductivity of the electrode microstructure, highlighting the importance of an accurate description of the local ionic conductivity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)139-147
Number of pages9
JournalElectrochimica Acta
Volume168
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Jun 2015

Fingerprint

Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC)
Electrodes
Ionic conductivity
Microstructure
Focused ion beams
Thick films
Resistors
Electrolytes
Tomography
Charge transfer
Anodes
Scanning electron microscopy
Fluids

Keywords

  • 3D effective conductivity resistor network
  • solid oxide fuel cell

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrochemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

Towards the 3D modelling of the effective conductivity of solid oxide fuel cell electrodes - Validation against experimental measurements and prediction of electrochemical performance. / Rhazaoui, K.; Cai, Q.; Kishimoto, M.; Tariq, F.; Somalu, Mahendra Rao; Adjiman, C. S.; Brandon, N. P.

In: Electrochimica Acta, Vol. 168, 20.06.2015, p. 139-147.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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