Total atmospheric absorption of fixed satellite communication signal due to oxygen and water vapor in Nigeria

T. V. Omotosho, M. L. Akinyemi, Mandeep Singh Jit Singh, Mardina Abdullah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Total atmospheric absorption values due to oxygen and water vapor on terrestrial and Earth-space paths at frequencies between 1 GHz and 50 GHz were evaluated for 1% unavailability of an average year at two elevation angles of 5° and 55°, which are typical for terrestrial and Earth-space links, respectively. Practical links to the Nigerian communication satellite (NigComsat1) uplink/downlink in the Ku (12/14 GHz), Ka (20/30 GHz), and V (40/50 GHz) bands for 1% unavailability of an average year were also investigated. The basic input climatic data used included monthly and yearly mean meteorological parameters for each station, such as surface and vertical profiles of pressure, temperature, and relative humidity, obtained from the Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS) instrument on NASA's Aqua spacecraft for seven years (2002 to 2009). The International Telecommunication Union Radio Propagation Recommendation (2009) procedure was used for the computation of gaseous attenuation for each of the 37 stations in Nigeria. The results obtained at various elevation angles (of 44° to 55°) for Earth-space links to NigComsat-1 showed that in the absence of rain, 99% availability was possible at Ku, Ka, and V bands for uplink and downlink at all of the 37 stations in Nigeria, as the gaseous attenuation values obtained were between 0.05 dB to 4.81 dB. For low elevation angles of 5°(terrestrial link) at V band, 99% availability was not practical, as atmospheric loss was between 15.30 dB to 17.62 dB in Nigeria. The results consistently showed that gaseous attenuation was very high at six stations across Nigeria; Calabar (South-South regions), followed, in descending order, by the Ikeja (South-West), Abakaliki (South-East), Abuja (Middle-Belt), Dutse (North-East), and Kastina (North-West) regions. The present results of gaseous attenuation will be very useful for satellite communication-system design engineers across the six regions in Nigeria.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6837069
Pages (from-to)108-121
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine
Volume56
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Nigeria
atmospheric attenuation
satellite communication
Communication satellites
Water vapor
water vapor
elevation angle
Earth (planet)
vapors
stations
attenuation
Oxygen
Telecommunication links
oxygen
Availability
extremely high frequencies
Satellite communication systems
Radio transmission
availability
telecommunication

Keywords

  • fixed satellite communication
  • Ka
  • Ku
  • Total atmospheric gas absorption
  • V satellite bands
  • water vapor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Total atmospheric absorption of fixed satellite communication signal due to oxygen and water vapor in Nigeria. / Omotosho, T. V.; Akinyemi, M. L.; Jit Singh, Mandeep Singh; Abdullah, Mardina.

In: IEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine, Vol. 56, No. 2, 6837069, 2014, p. 108-121.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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