Thyroid function and pubertal development in malnutrition.

O. Ali, T. T. Tan, O. Sakinah, B. A. Khalid, Loo Ling Wu, W. M. Wan Nazaimoon, M. L. Ng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Thyroid function and pubertal development of aborigines (Orang Asli) and Malays at different socioeconomic strata were assessed among 1136 subjects aged 7 years and above. Anthropometric measurements, goitre and pubertal staging were done. Serum thyroxine (T4), triiodothyronine (T3) and growth hormone were measured using radioimmunoassays (RIA) and serum thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) by immunoradiometric assays (IRMA). It was found that serum T3 in children was significantly higher in Malays from rural areas, girls and children aged less than 13 years. However, in adults, T3 was significantly associated with anthropometric indices. On the contrary, serum T4 levels were higher among children from urban areas. In adults, serum T4 levels were significantly related to nutritional status and they increased according to the levels of social development, being lowest in remote areas and highest in urban areas. However, serum TSH levels were significantly higher in Orang Asli at all ages and among malnourished children. By using multiple regression, apart from age, gender and ethnicity, nutritional status was a significant predictor for T3 levels in children and adults. Presence of goitre was an important factor which determined the T4 levels in children and adults after controlling for other factors. It was also a predictor for TSH levels in children but not in adults. Fasting serum growth hormone (GH) levels were significantly higher among less privileged groups and decreased according to social development. Serum growth hormone was negatively correlated with anthropometric indices and had a significant association with malnutrition.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)852-855
Number of pages4
JournalAnnals of the Academy of Medicine Singapore
Volume23
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1994

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Malnutrition
Thyroid Gland
Serum
Thyrotropin
Growth Hormone
Goiter
Nutritional Status
Immunoradiometric Assay
Triiodothyronine
Thyroxine
Radioimmunoassay
Fasting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Ali, O., Tan, T. T., Sakinah, O., Khalid, B. A., Wu, L. L., Wan Nazaimoon, W. M., & Ng, M. L. (1994). Thyroid function and pubertal development in malnutrition. Annals of the Academy of Medicine Singapore, 23(6), 852-855.

Thyroid function and pubertal development in malnutrition. / Ali, O.; Tan, T. T.; Sakinah, O.; Khalid, B. A.; Wu, Loo Ling; Wan Nazaimoon, W. M.; Ng, M. L.

In: Annals of the Academy of Medicine Singapore, Vol. 23, No. 6, 11.1994, p. 852-855.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ali, O, Tan, TT, Sakinah, O, Khalid, BA, Wu, LL, Wan Nazaimoon, WM & Ng, ML 1994, 'Thyroid function and pubertal development in malnutrition.', Annals of the Academy of Medicine Singapore, vol. 23, no. 6, pp. 852-855.
Ali O, Tan TT, Sakinah O, Khalid BA, Wu LL, Wan Nazaimoon WM et al. Thyroid function and pubertal development in malnutrition. Annals of the Academy of Medicine Singapore. 1994 Nov;23(6):852-855.
Ali, O. ; Tan, T. T. ; Sakinah, O. ; Khalid, B. A. ; Wu, Loo Ling ; Wan Nazaimoon, W. M. ; Ng, M. L. / Thyroid function and pubertal development in malnutrition. In: Annals of the Academy of Medicine Singapore. 1994 ; Vol. 23, No. 6. pp. 852-855.
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