Three-dimensional CFD modeling of a direct formic acid fuel cell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A three-dimensional (3D) with one straight channel computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model is developed by using the ESI-CFD software to investigate the effect of varying operating parameters on the performance of direct formic acid fuel cell (DFAFC) and formic acid crossover from the anode to the cathode side through the membrane. Formic acid concentration (4–10 M), temperature (313–353 K), anode stoichiometry (1.5–3.0), and cathode stoichiometry (2.0–3.0) are the selected operating parameters in this study. Validation results of the DFAFC are in reasonable agreement with the typical trends reported in the literature on DFAFC performance. Simulation results indicate that formic acid concentration, temperature, anode, and cathode stoichiometry influenced the DFAFC performance and the formic acid crossover. The increments of formic acid concentration or stoichiometric ratio will improve the cell performance; however, the current densities obtained are declining to the increasing temperature. The increase in temperature of the formic acid concentration is found to lead to the decrease in performance. For the formic acid crossover phenomenon, the formic acid crossover flux increases with the increments of formic acid concentration, DFAFC operating temperature, and anode and cathode stoichiometric ratios.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 1 Jan 2018

Fingerprint

Formic acid fuel cells (FAFC)
Formic acid
formic acid
computational fluid dynamics
fuel cells
Computational fluid dynamics
Anodes
Cathodes
Stoichiometry
crossovers
anodes
cathodes
stoichiometry
Temperature
Dynamic models
Current density
temperature

Keywords

  • Computational fluid dynamics
  • Direct formic acid fuel cell
  • Formic acid concentration
  • Stoichiometric ratio
  • Temperature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

Cite this

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title = "Three-dimensional CFD modeling of a direct formic acid fuel cell",
abstract = "A three-dimensional (3D) with one straight channel computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model is developed by using the ESI-CFD software to investigate the effect of varying operating parameters on the performance of direct formic acid fuel cell (DFAFC) and formic acid crossover from the anode to the cathode side through the membrane. Formic acid concentration (4–10 M), temperature (313–353 K), anode stoichiometry (1.5–3.0), and cathode stoichiometry (2.0–3.0) are the selected operating parameters in this study. Validation results of the DFAFC are in reasonable agreement with the typical trends reported in the literature on DFAFC performance. Simulation results indicate that formic acid concentration, temperature, anode, and cathode stoichiometry influenced the DFAFC performance and the formic acid crossover. The increments of formic acid concentration or stoichiometric ratio will improve the cell performance; however, the current densities obtained are declining to the increasing temperature. The increase in temperature of the formic acid concentration is found to lead to the decrease in performance. For the formic acid crossover phenomenon, the formic acid crossover flux increases with the increments of formic acid concentration, DFAFC operating temperature, and anode and cathode stoichiometric ratios.",
keywords = "Computational fluid dynamics, Direct formic acid fuel cell, Formic acid concentration, Stoichiometric ratio, Temperature",
author = "Maslan, {Nur Hidayah} and Rosli, {Masli Irwan} and {Mastar @ Masdar}, {Mohd Shahbudin}",
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AB - A three-dimensional (3D) with one straight channel computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model is developed by using the ESI-CFD software to investigate the effect of varying operating parameters on the performance of direct formic acid fuel cell (DFAFC) and formic acid crossover from the anode to the cathode side through the membrane. Formic acid concentration (4–10 M), temperature (313–353 K), anode stoichiometry (1.5–3.0), and cathode stoichiometry (2.0–3.0) are the selected operating parameters in this study. Validation results of the DFAFC are in reasonable agreement with the typical trends reported in the literature on DFAFC performance. Simulation results indicate that formic acid concentration, temperature, anode, and cathode stoichiometry influenced the DFAFC performance and the formic acid crossover. The increments of formic acid concentration or stoichiometric ratio will improve the cell performance; however, the current densities obtained are declining to the increasing temperature. The increase in temperature of the formic acid concentration is found to lead to the decrease in performance. For the formic acid crossover phenomenon, the formic acid crossover flux increases with the increments of formic acid concentration, DFAFC operating temperature, and anode and cathode stoichiometric ratios.

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