Thickness effect of kenaf cellulose membrane on its morphological, physical and tensile properties

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Dissolution of kenaf core cellulose was undergone in NaOH/Urea solvent and the cellulose solution was casted with three different thicknesses (0.04 mm, 0.06 mm and 0.07 mm) followed by coagulation in 5 % of H2SO4 to form regenerated cellulose membrane. The XRD results showed that the crystallinity index (CrI) of kenaf core cellulose membrane decreased after been regenerated into cellulose II. The surface morphology showed that the pores of the membrane became smaller as the thickness of cellulose membrane increased. The transparency tests demonstrated the thinner samples (0.04 mm) gave higher light transmittance than the thickest samples (0.07 mm). The kenaf core membrane with 0.07 mm thickness possessed highest tensile strength and breaking elongation at σ = 33.48 and ϵ = 8.03 relatively and also exhibited the largest pore size.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2016 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2016 Postgraduate Colloquium
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
Volume1784
ISBN (Electronic)9780735414464
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 17 Nov 2016
Event2016 Postgraduate Colloquium of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology, UKM FST 2016 - Selangor, Malaysia
Duration: 13 Apr 201614 Apr 2016

Other

Other2016 Postgraduate Colloquium of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology, UKM FST 2016
CountryMalaysia
CitySelangor
Period13/4/1614/4/16

Fingerprint

tensile properties
cellulose
physical properties
membranes
porosity
coagulation
ureas
tensile strength
elongation
crystallinity
transmittance
dissolving

Keywords

  • crystallinity index
  • elongation at break
  • porosity
  • tensile index
  • transparency

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Hashim, S. N. A. S., Zakaria, S., Syed Jaafar, S. N., & Chia, C. H. (2016). Thickness effect of kenaf cellulose membrane on its morphological, physical and tensile properties. In 2016 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2016 Postgraduate Colloquium (Vol. 1784). [040028] American Institute of Physics Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4966814

Thickness effect of kenaf cellulose membrane on its morphological, physical and tensile properties. / Hashim, Sharifah Nurul Ain Syed; Zakaria, Sarani; Syed Jaafar, Sharifah Nabihah; Chia, Chin Hua.

2016 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2016 Postgraduate Colloquium. Vol. 1784 American Institute of Physics Inc., 2016. 040028.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Hashim, SNAS, Zakaria, S, Syed Jaafar, SN & Chia, CH 2016, Thickness effect of kenaf cellulose membrane on its morphological, physical and tensile properties. in 2016 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2016 Postgraduate Colloquium. vol. 1784, 040028, American Institute of Physics Inc., 2016 Postgraduate Colloquium of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology, UKM FST 2016, Selangor, Malaysia, 13/4/16. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4966814
Hashim SNAS, Zakaria S, Syed Jaafar SN, Chia CH. Thickness effect of kenaf cellulose membrane on its morphological, physical and tensile properties. In 2016 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2016 Postgraduate Colloquium. Vol. 1784. American Institute of Physics Inc. 2016. 040028 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4966814
Hashim, Sharifah Nurul Ain Syed ; Zakaria, Sarani ; Syed Jaafar, Sharifah Nabihah ; Chia, Chin Hua. / Thickness effect of kenaf cellulose membrane on its morphological, physical and tensile properties. 2016 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2016 Postgraduate Colloquium. Vol. 1784 American Institute of Physics Inc., 2016.
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