Thermo-mechanical behaviors of thermoplastic starch derived from sugar palm tree (Arenga pinnata)

J. Sahari, S. M. Sapuan, E. S. Zainudin, M. A. Maleque

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    61 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    In recent years, increasing environmental concerns focused greater attention on the development of biodegradable materials. A thermoplastic starch derived from bioresources, sugar palm tree was successfully developed in the presence of biodegradable glycerol as a plasticizer. Sugar palm starch (SPS) was added with 15-40 w/w% of glycerol to prepare workable bioplastics and coded as SPS/G15, SPS/G20, SPS/G30 and SPS/G40. The samples were characterized for thermal properties, mechanical properties and moisture absorption on exposure to humidity were evaluated. Morphological studies through scanning electron microscopy (SEM) were used to explain the observed mechanical properties. Generally, the addition of glycerol decrease the transition temperature of plasticized SPS. The mechanical properties of plasticized SPS increase with the increasing of glycerol but up to 30 w/w%. Meanwhile, the water absorption of plasticized SPS decrease with increasing of glycerol.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1711-1716
    Number of pages6
    JournalCarbohydrate Polymers
    Volume92
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 15 Feb 2013

    Fingerprint

    Starch
    Sugars
    Thermoplastics
    Glycerol
    Mechanical properties
    Plasticizers
    Water absorption
    Superconducting transition temperature
    Atmospheric humidity
    Moisture
    Thermodynamic properties
    Scanning electron microscopy

    Keywords

    • Glycerol
    • Sugar palm starch
    • Thermal properties and mechanical properties

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Organic Chemistry
    • Materials Chemistry
    • Polymers and Plastics

    Cite this

    Thermo-mechanical behaviors of thermoplastic starch derived from sugar palm tree (Arenga pinnata). / Sahari, J.; Sapuan, S. M.; Zainudin, E. S.; Maleque, M. A.

    In: Carbohydrate Polymers, Vol. 92, No. 2, 15.02.2013, p. 1711-1716.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Sahari, J. ; Sapuan, S. M. ; Zainudin, E. S. ; Maleque, M. A. / Thermo-mechanical behaviors of thermoplastic starch derived from sugar palm tree (Arenga pinnata). In: Carbohydrate Polymers. 2013 ; Vol. 92, No. 2. pp. 1711-1716.
    @article{09341035652a4251b1172d1c28ee3377,
    title = "Thermo-mechanical behaviors of thermoplastic starch derived from sugar palm tree (Arenga pinnata)",
    abstract = "In recent years, increasing environmental concerns focused greater attention on the development of biodegradable materials. A thermoplastic starch derived from bioresources, sugar palm tree was successfully developed in the presence of biodegradable glycerol as a plasticizer. Sugar palm starch (SPS) was added with 15-40 w/w{\%} of glycerol to prepare workable bioplastics and coded as SPS/G15, SPS/G20, SPS/G30 and SPS/G40. The samples were characterized for thermal properties, mechanical properties and moisture absorption on exposure to humidity were evaluated. Morphological studies through scanning electron microscopy (SEM) were used to explain the observed mechanical properties. Generally, the addition of glycerol decrease the transition temperature of plasticized SPS. The mechanical properties of plasticized SPS increase with the increasing of glycerol but up to 30 w/w{\%}. Meanwhile, the water absorption of plasticized SPS decrease with increasing of glycerol.",
    keywords = "Glycerol, Sugar palm starch, Thermal properties and mechanical properties",
    author = "J. Sahari and Sapuan, {S. M.} and Zainudin, {E. S.} and Maleque, {M. A.}",
    year = "2013",
    month = "2",
    day = "15",
    doi = "10.1016/j.carbpol.2012.11.031",
    language = "English",
    volume = "92",
    pages = "1711--1716",
    journal = "Carbohydrate Polymers",
    issn = "0144-8617",
    publisher = "Elsevier Limited",
    number = "2",

    }

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Thermo-mechanical behaviors of thermoplastic starch derived from sugar palm tree (Arenga pinnata)

    AU - Sahari, J.

    AU - Sapuan, S. M.

    AU - Zainudin, E. S.

    AU - Maleque, M. A.

    PY - 2013/2/15

    Y1 - 2013/2/15

    N2 - In recent years, increasing environmental concerns focused greater attention on the development of biodegradable materials. A thermoplastic starch derived from bioresources, sugar palm tree was successfully developed in the presence of biodegradable glycerol as a plasticizer. Sugar palm starch (SPS) was added with 15-40 w/w% of glycerol to prepare workable bioplastics and coded as SPS/G15, SPS/G20, SPS/G30 and SPS/G40. The samples were characterized for thermal properties, mechanical properties and moisture absorption on exposure to humidity were evaluated. Morphological studies through scanning electron microscopy (SEM) were used to explain the observed mechanical properties. Generally, the addition of glycerol decrease the transition temperature of plasticized SPS. The mechanical properties of plasticized SPS increase with the increasing of glycerol but up to 30 w/w%. Meanwhile, the water absorption of plasticized SPS decrease with increasing of glycerol.

    AB - In recent years, increasing environmental concerns focused greater attention on the development of biodegradable materials. A thermoplastic starch derived from bioresources, sugar palm tree was successfully developed in the presence of biodegradable glycerol as a plasticizer. Sugar palm starch (SPS) was added with 15-40 w/w% of glycerol to prepare workable bioplastics and coded as SPS/G15, SPS/G20, SPS/G30 and SPS/G40. The samples were characterized for thermal properties, mechanical properties and moisture absorption on exposure to humidity were evaluated. Morphological studies through scanning electron microscopy (SEM) were used to explain the observed mechanical properties. Generally, the addition of glycerol decrease the transition temperature of plasticized SPS. The mechanical properties of plasticized SPS increase with the increasing of glycerol but up to 30 w/w%. Meanwhile, the water absorption of plasticized SPS decrease with increasing of glycerol.

    KW - Glycerol

    KW - Sugar palm starch

    KW - Thermal properties and mechanical properties

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84870771506&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84870771506&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    U2 - 10.1016/j.carbpol.2012.11.031

    DO - 10.1016/j.carbpol.2012.11.031

    M3 - Article

    C2 - 23399210

    AN - SCOPUS:84870771506

    VL - 92

    SP - 1711

    EP - 1716

    JO - Carbohydrate Polymers

    JF - Carbohydrate Polymers

    SN - 0144-8617

    IS - 2

    ER -