The washback effect of the general secondary english examination (GSEE) on teaching and learning

Yahya Ameen Tayeb, Mohd. Sallehhudin Abd. Aziz, Kemboja Ismail, Alla Baksh Mohd Ayub Khan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper reports on a study investigating the washback effect of the General Secondary English Examination (hereinafter referred to as GSEE), a high-stakes exit test for secondary school students (12th grade) in Yemen. The main aim of this study is to gain preliminary insights into the relationship between teaching and learning factors affected by the washback effect. It focuses on eight pedagogical dimensions: four of them concerned the teachers (teaching methods, teaching experiences, content assessment, and beliefs) and four concerned the students (learning styles, learning activities, attitudes and motivation). A semi-structured interview was conducted with three English teachers who have over ten years of teaching experience. Based on the interview, a questionnaire was constructed and then administered to 30 Yemeni English teachers of the 12th grade English classes. The data were analysed using SPSS software, version 20. The results showed that the test had a great influence on the learners and teachers mainly on teaching methodology and on learning styles. Triangulation with the qualitative data confirmed the findings. Hence, the study provides a clear evidence of the washback effect of the exam on the components of the language teaching-learning processes in Yemen and its influence on what and how the teachers teach, and the learners learn.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)83-103
Number of pages21
JournalGEMA Online Journal of Language Studies
Volume14
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2014

Fingerprint

examination
Teaching
teacher
Yemen
learning
school grade
triangulation
SPSS
interview
teaching method
learning process
secondary school
experience
student
Washback
questionnaire
methodology
language
evidence
English Teachers

Keywords

  • 3 secondary classes
  • GSEE
  • Stakeholders
  • Washback effect
  • Yemen

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Literature and Literary Theory
  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language

Cite this

The washback effect of the general secondary english examination (GSEE) on teaching and learning. / Tayeb, Yahya Ameen; Abd. Aziz, Mohd. Sallehhudin; Ismail, Kemboja; Ayub Khan, Alla Baksh Mohd.

In: GEMA Online Journal of Language Studies, Vol. 14, No. 3, 01.09.2014, p. 83-103.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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