The viability of the GPS precipitable water vapor: In detecting drought-causing El Niño-Southern Oscillation at the Borneo Island

Farah Hani Abdul-Rahim, M. A Mohd Ali, Baharudin Yatim, Mandeep Singh Jit Singh

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

This paper explores the viability of incorporating GPS precipitable water vapor (PWV) and sea surface temperature anomalies (SST a) at Niño 3, 3.4, and 4 regions in detecting drought-causing El Niño-Southern Oscillation. The proposed method consists of two tests, which reveal the beginning, ending, and duration of El Niño events. The first test, the Differential Anomalistic Determination, enables identification of months exceeding a threshold difference of 1.5 between PWV and SST a. The second test, the Minor Shift in Standard Deviation, inputs constraints in the PWV anomaly percentage standard deviations to remove anomalistic peaks caused by systematic errors. Using PWV and SST a data gathered from 2003 to 2007, the proposed method detected a drought-causing El Niño in 2006 a few months prior to the peak of the event. The 2006 El Niño recorded forest fires and lowest rainfall in the south of Borneo from August to November.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2012 International Conference on Computer and Communication Engineering, ICCCE 2012
Pages899-903
Number of pages5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Event2012 International Conference on Computer and Communication Engineering, ICCCE 2012 - Kuala Lumpur
Duration: 3 Jul 20125 Jul 2012

Other

Other2012 International Conference on Computer and Communication Engineering, ICCCE 2012
CityKuala Lumpur
Period3/7/125/7/12

Fingerprint

Drought
drought
Water vapor
Global positioning system
water
event
Systematic errors
Temperature
Rain
Fires

Keywords

  • ENSO
  • GPS
  • Maritime Continent
  • water vapor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Communication

Cite this

Abdul-Rahim, F. H., Ali, M. A. M., Yatim, B., & Jit Singh, M. S. (2012). The viability of the GPS precipitable water vapor: In detecting drought-causing El Niño-Southern Oscillation at the Borneo Island. In 2012 International Conference on Computer and Communication Engineering, ICCCE 2012 (pp. 899-903). [6271346] https://doi.org/10.1109/ICCCE.2012.6271346

The viability of the GPS precipitable water vapor : In detecting drought-causing El Niño-Southern Oscillation at the Borneo Island. / Abdul-Rahim, Farah Hani; Ali, M. A Mohd; Yatim, Baharudin; Jit Singh, Mandeep Singh.

2012 International Conference on Computer and Communication Engineering, ICCCE 2012. 2012. p. 899-903 6271346.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abdul-Rahim, FH, Ali, MAM, Yatim, B & Jit Singh, MS 2012, The viability of the GPS precipitable water vapor: In detecting drought-causing El Niño-Southern Oscillation at the Borneo Island. in 2012 International Conference on Computer and Communication Engineering, ICCCE 2012., 6271346, pp. 899-903, 2012 International Conference on Computer and Communication Engineering, ICCCE 2012, Kuala Lumpur, 3/7/12. https://doi.org/10.1109/ICCCE.2012.6271346
Abdul-Rahim FH, Ali MAM, Yatim B, Jit Singh MS. The viability of the GPS precipitable water vapor: In detecting drought-causing El Niño-Southern Oscillation at the Borneo Island. In 2012 International Conference on Computer and Communication Engineering, ICCCE 2012. 2012. p. 899-903. 6271346 https://doi.org/10.1109/ICCCE.2012.6271346
Abdul-Rahim, Farah Hani ; Ali, M. A Mohd ; Yatim, Baharudin ; Jit Singh, Mandeep Singh. / The viability of the GPS precipitable water vapor : In detecting drought-causing El Niño-Southern Oscillation at the Borneo Island. 2012 International Conference on Computer and Communication Engineering, ICCCE 2012. 2012. pp. 899-903
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