The use of scaffolding technique via Facebook in improving descriptive writing among ESL Learners

Abdul Hameed Adbul Majid, Siti Hamin Stapa

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Learners today anticipate some form of blended instruction using technology. This study investigated the effectiveness of scaffolding writing using Facebook in a blended learning ESL class. A qualitative study was chosen to gather data from the subjects from a rural secondary school in Malaysia. The subjects were divided into experimental and control groups. The study then continued for 12 weeks beginning with a pre-test for both groups. The experimental group (blended learning class) went through traditional instruction in the classroom and scaffolding using Facebook after school hours. The control group went through only traditional classroom instruction. A post-test was administered at the end of 14 weeks to determine the effects of the treatment on the experimental group. All essays written by the participants in both groups in the pre-test and post-test were examined in order to see the difference in the ability to produce descriptive patterns. The findings revealed that the participants favoured the use of blended learning as a learning method compared to mere traditional strategy. They also opined that scaffolding-using Facebook enabled them to learn better and improve their writing process and writing performance. Content analysis on the essays written by participants revealed a marked improvement among the experimental group. The implications of this study suggest that Facebook or any online platform should be integrated in the teaching and learning of writing in the ESL classroom.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)77-88
Number of pages12
Journal3L: Language, Linguistics, Literature
Volume23
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017

Fingerprint

facebook
Blended Learning
Group
instruction
classroom
rural school
learning method
Facebook
ESL Writing
Descriptive
Scaffolding
Experimental Group
Malaysia
content analysis
secondary school
ability
Teaching
Control Group
school
learning

Keywords

  • Blended learning
  • Descriptive writing
  • ESL learners
  • Facebook
  • Scaffolding

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Literature and Literary Theory

Cite this

The use of scaffolding technique via Facebook in improving descriptive writing among ESL Learners. / Majid, Abdul Hameed Adbul; Stapa, Siti Hamin.

In: 3L: Language, Linguistics, Literature, Vol. 23, No. 4, 01.01.2017, p. 77-88.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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