The use of referential cohesion in academic texts by persian EFL learners

Sahar Naderi, Yuen Chee Keong, Hafizah Latif

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Writing cohesively remains a challenging task for many ESL and EFL learners and users of English, even at advanced levels. Despite its importance in academic writing, elements of cohesion have rarely been researched especially among Persian EFL writers. This study is aimed at filling the gap in the literature through an investigation of referential ties as one of the most explicit cohesion markers (Halliday and Matthiessen 2004). Papers by Persian scholars in the engineering field who attended a Nanotech conference in Malaysia, were reviewed for referential ties based on Systemic Functional Grammar (Halliday 1994; Halliday and Matthiessen 2004). The distribution and categorization of such ties were described using both descriptive and inferential statistics. Subsequently the reference usage by Persians who performed research in Malaysian and Iranian universities were compared. A discussion is presented to examine any improvements due to the environment for the group of Persians studying in Malaysian universities using English language as the medium of instruction. The results confirm that Persians studying in Malaysian universities produce and repeat some components of referential ties more frequently in their academic writing when compared with their peers studying in Iranian universities. In addition, the results of this study are compared with the findings of some other studies among ESL/EFL learners of different nationalities to explain the cases of overuse, underuse, and misuse of referential cohesion which has implications for pedagogical objectives.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)45-62
Number of pages18
JournalGEMA Online Journal of Language Studies
Volume13
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2013

Fingerprint

university
inferential statistics
descriptive statistics
nationality
group cohesion
Malaysia
English language
grammar
writer
engineering
instruction
EFL Learners
Referential
Cohesion
Group
Academic Writing
literature
Repeats
Medium of Instruction
Nationality

Keywords

  • Academic writing
  • Conference papers
  • Persian EFL learners
  • Referential cohesion
  • Systemic functional grammar

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Literature and Literary Theory
  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language

Cite this

The use of referential cohesion in academic texts by persian EFL learners. / Naderi, Sahar; Chee Keong, Yuen; Latif, Hafizah.

In: GEMA Online Journal of Language Studies, Vol. 13, No. 3, 09.2013, p. 45-62.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{fbcc0d15b1f54af8b361d431f0f12865,
title = "The use of referential cohesion in academic texts by persian EFL learners",
abstract = "Writing cohesively remains a challenging task for many ESL and EFL learners and users of English, even at advanced levels. Despite its importance in academic writing, elements of cohesion have rarely been researched especially among Persian EFL writers. This study is aimed at filling the gap in the literature through an investigation of referential ties as one of the most explicit cohesion markers (Halliday and Matthiessen 2004). Papers by Persian scholars in the engineering field who attended a Nanotech conference in Malaysia, were reviewed for referential ties based on Systemic Functional Grammar (Halliday 1994; Halliday and Matthiessen 2004). The distribution and categorization of such ties were described using both descriptive and inferential statistics. Subsequently the reference usage by Persians who performed research in Malaysian and Iranian universities were compared. A discussion is presented to examine any improvements due to the environment for the group of Persians studying in Malaysian universities using English language as the medium of instruction. The results confirm that Persians studying in Malaysian universities produce and repeat some components of referential ties more frequently in their academic writing when compared with their peers studying in Iranian universities. In addition, the results of this study are compared with the findings of some other studies among ESL/EFL learners of different nationalities to explain the cases of overuse, underuse, and misuse of referential cohesion which has implications for pedagogical objectives.",
keywords = "Academic writing, Conference papers, Persian EFL learners, Referential cohesion, Systemic functional grammar",
author = "Sahar Naderi and {Chee Keong}, Yuen and Hafizah Latif",
year = "2013",
month = "9",
language = "English",
volume = "13",
pages = "45--62",
journal = "GEMA Online Journal of Language Studies",
issn = "1675-8021",
publisher = "Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The use of referential cohesion in academic texts by persian EFL learners

AU - Naderi, Sahar

AU - Chee Keong, Yuen

AU - Latif, Hafizah

PY - 2013/9

Y1 - 2013/9

N2 - Writing cohesively remains a challenging task for many ESL and EFL learners and users of English, even at advanced levels. Despite its importance in academic writing, elements of cohesion have rarely been researched especially among Persian EFL writers. This study is aimed at filling the gap in the literature through an investigation of referential ties as one of the most explicit cohesion markers (Halliday and Matthiessen 2004). Papers by Persian scholars in the engineering field who attended a Nanotech conference in Malaysia, were reviewed for referential ties based on Systemic Functional Grammar (Halliday 1994; Halliday and Matthiessen 2004). The distribution and categorization of such ties were described using both descriptive and inferential statistics. Subsequently the reference usage by Persians who performed research in Malaysian and Iranian universities were compared. A discussion is presented to examine any improvements due to the environment for the group of Persians studying in Malaysian universities using English language as the medium of instruction. The results confirm that Persians studying in Malaysian universities produce and repeat some components of referential ties more frequently in their academic writing when compared with their peers studying in Iranian universities. In addition, the results of this study are compared with the findings of some other studies among ESL/EFL learners of different nationalities to explain the cases of overuse, underuse, and misuse of referential cohesion which has implications for pedagogical objectives.

AB - Writing cohesively remains a challenging task for many ESL and EFL learners and users of English, even at advanced levels. Despite its importance in academic writing, elements of cohesion have rarely been researched especially among Persian EFL writers. This study is aimed at filling the gap in the literature through an investigation of referential ties as one of the most explicit cohesion markers (Halliday and Matthiessen 2004). Papers by Persian scholars in the engineering field who attended a Nanotech conference in Malaysia, were reviewed for referential ties based on Systemic Functional Grammar (Halliday 1994; Halliday and Matthiessen 2004). The distribution and categorization of such ties were described using both descriptive and inferential statistics. Subsequently the reference usage by Persians who performed research in Malaysian and Iranian universities were compared. A discussion is presented to examine any improvements due to the environment for the group of Persians studying in Malaysian universities using English language as the medium of instruction. The results confirm that Persians studying in Malaysian universities produce and repeat some components of referential ties more frequently in their academic writing when compared with their peers studying in Iranian universities. In addition, the results of this study are compared with the findings of some other studies among ESL/EFL learners of different nationalities to explain the cases of overuse, underuse, and misuse of referential cohesion which has implications for pedagogical objectives.

KW - Academic writing

KW - Conference papers

KW - Persian EFL learners

KW - Referential cohesion

KW - Systemic functional grammar

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84884785386&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84884785386&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84884785386

VL - 13

SP - 45

EP - 62

JO - GEMA Online Journal of Language Studies

JF - GEMA Online Journal of Language Studies

SN - 1675-8021

IS - 3

ER -