The uptake of mammogram screening in Malaysia and its associated factors: A systematic review

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: This review aimed to summarise the trend of mammogram screening uptake published in local studies between years 2006 and 2015 among the Malaysian women aged 40 years and above, and identify the associated factors and barriers, as well as discuss limitations of the studies and research gaps. Methods: A systematic review was conducted on breast cancer screening studies among Malaysian women, published between January 2006 and December 2015. Online databases were searched using keywords: “mammogram”, “mammography”, “uptake”, “breast cancer screening” and “Malaysia”. Results: Thirteen original articles were reviewed. The rate of mammography uptake ranged between 3.6% and 30.9% among the general population, and 80.3% among personnel of a tertiary hospital. Factors associated with mammogram screening were clinical breast examination, age, income, knowledge on breast cancer and mammogram, perceived susceptibility to breast cancer, ethnicity and education level. Barriers to mammogram screening were lack of knowledge, embarrassment, fear of cancer diagnosis, perception that breast screening was unnecessary, lack of coping skills and pain during procedure. However, almost all of the studies could not be generalised beyond the study sample because of the limited number of sites and respondents; and most data were self-reported with no objective measures of the responses. Conclusion: Mammogram screening uptake among women in selected communities were generally low. Further studies involving the general population are essential. Future studies should also explore the availability, affordability and accessibility of this service especially in the pursuit of achieving universal health coverage in breast cancer management.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)202-211
Number of pages10
JournalMedical Journal of Malaysia
Volume73
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2018

Fingerprint

Malaysia
Breast Neoplasms
Mammography
Early Detection of Cancer
Breast
Universal Coverage
Psychological Adaptation
Tertiary Care Centers
Population
Fear
Databases
Education
Pain
Health
Research
Neoplasms

Keywords

  • Malaysia
  • Mammogram screening
  • Research gaps
  • Uptake

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

The uptake of mammogram screening in Malaysia and its associated factors : A systematic review. / Mahmud, Aidalina; Syed Junid, Syed Mohamed Al-Junid.

In: Medical Journal of Malaysia, Vol. 73, No. 4, 01.08.2018, p. 202-211.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{9735404d34b34138952d74e1a3a2bc86,
title = "The uptake of mammogram screening in Malaysia and its associated factors: A systematic review",
abstract = "Introduction: This review aimed to summarise the trend of mammogram screening uptake published in local studies between years 2006 and 2015 among the Malaysian women aged 40 years and above, and identify the associated factors and barriers, as well as discuss limitations of the studies and research gaps. Methods: A systematic review was conducted on breast cancer screening studies among Malaysian women, published between January 2006 and December 2015. Online databases were searched using keywords: “mammogram”, “mammography”, “uptake”, “breast cancer screening” and “Malaysia”. Results: Thirteen original articles were reviewed. The rate of mammography uptake ranged between 3.6{\%} and 30.9{\%} among the general population, and 80.3{\%} among personnel of a tertiary hospital. Factors associated with mammogram screening were clinical breast examination, age, income, knowledge on breast cancer and mammogram, perceived susceptibility to breast cancer, ethnicity and education level. Barriers to mammogram screening were lack of knowledge, embarrassment, fear of cancer diagnosis, perception that breast screening was unnecessary, lack of coping skills and pain during procedure. However, almost all of the studies could not be generalised beyond the study sample because of the limited number of sites and respondents; and most data were self-reported with no objective measures of the responses. Conclusion: Mammogram screening uptake among women in selected communities were generally low. Further studies involving the general population are essential. Future studies should also explore the availability, affordability and accessibility of this service especially in the pursuit of achieving universal health coverage in breast cancer management.",
keywords = "Malaysia, Mammogram screening, Research gaps, Uptake",
author = "Aidalina Mahmud and {Syed Junid}, {Syed Mohamed Al-Junid}",
year = "2018",
month = "8",
day = "1",
language = "English",
volume = "73",
pages = "202--211",
journal = "Medical Journal of Malaysia",
issn = "0300-5283",
publisher = "Malaysian Medical Association",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The uptake of mammogram screening in Malaysia and its associated factors

T2 - A systematic review

AU - Mahmud, Aidalina

AU - Syed Junid, Syed Mohamed Al-Junid

PY - 2018/8/1

Y1 - 2018/8/1

N2 - Introduction: This review aimed to summarise the trend of mammogram screening uptake published in local studies between years 2006 and 2015 among the Malaysian women aged 40 years and above, and identify the associated factors and barriers, as well as discuss limitations of the studies and research gaps. Methods: A systematic review was conducted on breast cancer screening studies among Malaysian women, published between January 2006 and December 2015. Online databases were searched using keywords: “mammogram”, “mammography”, “uptake”, “breast cancer screening” and “Malaysia”. Results: Thirteen original articles were reviewed. The rate of mammography uptake ranged between 3.6% and 30.9% among the general population, and 80.3% among personnel of a tertiary hospital. Factors associated with mammogram screening were clinical breast examination, age, income, knowledge on breast cancer and mammogram, perceived susceptibility to breast cancer, ethnicity and education level. Barriers to mammogram screening were lack of knowledge, embarrassment, fear of cancer diagnosis, perception that breast screening was unnecessary, lack of coping skills and pain during procedure. However, almost all of the studies could not be generalised beyond the study sample because of the limited number of sites and respondents; and most data were self-reported with no objective measures of the responses. Conclusion: Mammogram screening uptake among women in selected communities were generally low. Further studies involving the general population are essential. Future studies should also explore the availability, affordability and accessibility of this service especially in the pursuit of achieving universal health coverage in breast cancer management.

AB - Introduction: This review aimed to summarise the trend of mammogram screening uptake published in local studies between years 2006 and 2015 among the Malaysian women aged 40 years and above, and identify the associated factors and barriers, as well as discuss limitations of the studies and research gaps. Methods: A systematic review was conducted on breast cancer screening studies among Malaysian women, published between January 2006 and December 2015. Online databases were searched using keywords: “mammogram”, “mammography”, “uptake”, “breast cancer screening” and “Malaysia”. Results: Thirteen original articles were reviewed. The rate of mammography uptake ranged between 3.6% and 30.9% among the general population, and 80.3% among personnel of a tertiary hospital. Factors associated with mammogram screening were clinical breast examination, age, income, knowledge on breast cancer and mammogram, perceived susceptibility to breast cancer, ethnicity and education level. Barriers to mammogram screening were lack of knowledge, embarrassment, fear of cancer diagnosis, perception that breast screening was unnecessary, lack of coping skills and pain during procedure. However, almost all of the studies could not be generalised beyond the study sample because of the limited number of sites and respondents; and most data were self-reported with no objective measures of the responses. Conclusion: Mammogram screening uptake among women in selected communities were generally low. Further studies involving the general population are essential. Future studies should also explore the availability, affordability and accessibility of this service especially in the pursuit of achieving universal health coverage in breast cancer management.

KW - Malaysia

KW - Mammogram screening

KW - Research gaps

KW - Uptake

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85051849197&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85051849197&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85051849197

VL - 73

SP - 202

EP - 211

JO - Medical Journal of Malaysia

JF - Medical Journal of Malaysia

SN - 0300-5283

IS - 4

ER -