The third national health and morbidity survey

Prevalence of obesity, and abdominal obesity among the Malaysian elderly population

Suzana Shahar, C. C. Kee, A. R. Jamaludin, M. N. Noor Safiza, G. L. Khor, H. Jamaiyah, A. Geeta, Z. Ahmad Ali, Rahmah Rasat, Ruzita Abd. Talib, Y. Ahmad Fauzi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Obesity is an emerging public health threat in the elderly population in developing countries. Hence, the Third National Health and Morbidity Survey has assessed 4746 individuals aged 60 years and older recruited through a household survey to determine the prevalence of adiposity using body mass index and waist circumference. The national's prevalence of overweight and obesity in men was 29.2% (95% confidence interval [CI] = 27.2-31.3) and 7.4% (95% CI = 6.4-8.6), respectively. However, the prevalence decreased with age. The figures in women were 30.3% (95% CI = 28.5-32.1) and 13.8% (95% CI = 12.5-15.2), respectively. The prevalence of abdominal obesity was 21.4% (95%CI = 20.2-22.6), with 7.7% (95% CI = 6.7-9.0) in men and 33.4% (95% CI = 31.4-35.3) in women. Predictors of adiposity include the following: Malay and Indian ethnicity, higher education level, higher household income, from urban area, and being married. In conclusion, adiposity affects about one third of the Malaysian elderly population, especially those of the younger age group, women, and those with higher socioeconomic status.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)318-329
Number of pages12
JournalAsia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Volume24
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2012

Fingerprint

Abdominal Obesity
Health Surveys
Obesity
Confidence Intervals
Morbidity
Adiposity
Population
Waist Circumference
Social Class
Developing Countries
Body Mass Index
Public Health
Age Groups
Education

Keywords

  • abdominal obesity
  • elderly
  • nutrition assessment
  • obesity
  • socioeconomic status

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

The third national health and morbidity survey : Prevalence of obesity, and abdominal obesity among the Malaysian elderly population. / Shahar, Suzana; Kee, C. C.; Jamaludin, A. R.; Noor Safiza, M. N.; Khor, G. L.; Jamaiyah, H.; Geeta, A.; Ahmad Ali, Z.; Rasat, Rahmah; Abd. Talib, Ruzita; Ahmad Fauzi, Y.

In: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health, Vol. 24, No. 2, 03.2012, p. 318-329.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Shahar, Suzana ; Kee, C. C. ; Jamaludin, A. R. ; Noor Safiza, M. N. ; Khor, G. L. ; Jamaiyah, H. ; Geeta, A. ; Ahmad Ali, Z. ; Rasat, Rahmah ; Abd. Talib, Ruzita ; Ahmad Fauzi, Y. / The third national health and morbidity survey : Prevalence of obesity, and abdominal obesity among the Malaysian elderly population. In: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health. 2012 ; Vol. 24, No. 2. pp. 318-329.
@article{c6e9b72fe11240c6bb764e67b0f86955,
title = "The third national health and morbidity survey: Prevalence of obesity, and abdominal obesity among the Malaysian elderly population",
abstract = "Obesity is an emerging public health threat in the elderly population in developing countries. Hence, the Third National Health and Morbidity Survey has assessed 4746 individuals aged 60 years and older recruited through a household survey to determine the prevalence of adiposity using body mass index and waist circumference. The national's prevalence of overweight and obesity in men was 29.2{\%} (95{\%} confidence interval [CI] = 27.2-31.3) and 7.4{\%} (95{\%} CI = 6.4-8.6), respectively. However, the prevalence decreased with age. The figures in women were 30.3{\%} (95{\%} CI = 28.5-32.1) and 13.8{\%} (95{\%} CI = 12.5-15.2), respectively. The prevalence of abdominal obesity was 21.4{\%} (95{\%}CI = 20.2-22.6), with 7.7{\%} (95{\%} CI = 6.7-9.0) in men and 33.4{\%} (95{\%} CI = 31.4-35.3) in women. Predictors of adiposity include the following: Malay and Indian ethnicity, higher education level, higher household income, from urban area, and being married. In conclusion, adiposity affects about one third of the Malaysian elderly population, especially those of the younger age group, women, and those with higher socioeconomic status.",
keywords = "abdominal obesity, elderly, nutrition assessment, obesity, socioeconomic status",
author = "Suzana Shahar and Kee, {C. C.} and Jamaludin, {A. R.} and {Noor Safiza}, {M. N.} and Khor, {G. L.} and H. Jamaiyah and A. Geeta and {Ahmad Ali}, Z. and Rahmah Rasat and {Abd. Talib}, Ruzita and {Ahmad Fauzi}, Y.",
year = "2012",
month = "3",
doi = "10.1177/1010539510380736",
language = "English",
volume = "24",
pages = "318--329",
journal = "Asia-Pacific journal of public health / Asia-Pacific Academic Consortium for Public Health",
issn = "1010-5395",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The third national health and morbidity survey

T2 - Prevalence of obesity, and abdominal obesity among the Malaysian elderly population

AU - Shahar, Suzana

AU - Kee, C. C.

AU - Jamaludin, A. R.

AU - Noor Safiza, M. N.

AU - Khor, G. L.

AU - Jamaiyah, H.

AU - Geeta, A.

AU - Ahmad Ali, Z.

AU - Rasat, Rahmah

AU - Abd. Talib, Ruzita

AU - Ahmad Fauzi, Y.

PY - 2012/3

Y1 - 2012/3

N2 - Obesity is an emerging public health threat in the elderly population in developing countries. Hence, the Third National Health and Morbidity Survey has assessed 4746 individuals aged 60 years and older recruited through a household survey to determine the prevalence of adiposity using body mass index and waist circumference. The national's prevalence of overweight and obesity in men was 29.2% (95% confidence interval [CI] = 27.2-31.3) and 7.4% (95% CI = 6.4-8.6), respectively. However, the prevalence decreased with age. The figures in women were 30.3% (95% CI = 28.5-32.1) and 13.8% (95% CI = 12.5-15.2), respectively. The prevalence of abdominal obesity was 21.4% (95%CI = 20.2-22.6), with 7.7% (95% CI = 6.7-9.0) in men and 33.4% (95% CI = 31.4-35.3) in women. Predictors of adiposity include the following: Malay and Indian ethnicity, higher education level, higher household income, from urban area, and being married. In conclusion, adiposity affects about one third of the Malaysian elderly population, especially those of the younger age group, women, and those with higher socioeconomic status.

AB - Obesity is an emerging public health threat in the elderly population in developing countries. Hence, the Third National Health and Morbidity Survey has assessed 4746 individuals aged 60 years and older recruited through a household survey to determine the prevalence of adiposity using body mass index and waist circumference. The national's prevalence of overweight and obesity in men was 29.2% (95% confidence interval [CI] = 27.2-31.3) and 7.4% (95% CI = 6.4-8.6), respectively. However, the prevalence decreased with age. The figures in women were 30.3% (95% CI = 28.5-32.1) and 13.8% (95% CI = 12.5-15.2), respectively. The prevalence of abdominal obesity was 21.4% (95%CI = 20.2-22.6), with 7.7% (95% CI = 6.7-9.0) in men and 33.4% (95% CI = 31.4-35.3) in women. Predictors of adiposity include the following: Malay and Indian ethnicity, higher education level, higher household income, from urban area, and being married. In conclusion, adiposity affects about one third of the Malaysian elderly population, especially those of the younger age group, women, and those with higher socioeconomic status.

KW - abdominal obesity

KW - elderly

KW - nutrition assessment

KW - obesity

KW - socioeconomic status

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=79959929988&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=79959929988&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/1010539510380736

DO - 10.1177/1010539510380736

M3 - Article

VL - 24

SP - 318

EP - 329

JO - Asia-Pacific journal of public health / Asia-Pacific Academic Consortium for Public Health

JF - Asia-Pacific journal of public health / Asia-Pacific Academic Consortium for Public Health

SN - 1010-5395

IS - 2

ER -