Sintaksis kata tanya 'Sapa' dalam dialek kedah

Translated title of the contribution: The syntax of a question word 'Sapa' in Kedah dialect

Fazal Mohamed Mohamed Sultan, Nurulafiqah Suhaimi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Research on the syntax of dialects are still lacking in Malaysia. Therefore, this initial study will attempt to make the most of the Kedah dialect in order to explain the characteristics and elucidate the syntactic structure of wh-question word 'sapa'. Initial observation portrays that the wh-question has two positions. The first position is known as the final position or also known as in-situ. The second position is known as initial position or also known as movement. The in-situ characteristic of 'sapa' is not in conflict with the standard grammar which holds across the board for Malay language that all question words must occur sentence initially and attached by a particle '-kah' or stay in-situ at the final position without the particle. The data for this research were gathered through a field work at Baling, Kubang Pasu, Kuala Nerang dan Kubang Rotan. This paper elucidated the characteristics of 'sapa' by employing the syntactic analysis based on the Minimalist Program framework (Chomsky, 1995). This study found that the in-situ or moved characteristics of the question word is due to the OP (Operator), VAR (variable) and the [± in-situ] factors, which are manipulated by the question word 'sapa'.

Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)43-59
Number of pages17
JournalGEMA Online Journal of Language Studies
Volume13
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Fingerprint

dialect
syntax
Malaysia
grammar
language
Question Words
In Situ
Syntax
Particle
Wh-questions

Keywords

  • In-situ
  • Kedah dialect
  • Movement
  • Operator
  • Question word

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Literature and Literary Theory
  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language

Cite this

Sintaksis kata tanya 'Sapa' dalam dialek kedah. / Mohamed Sultan, Fazal Mohamed; Suhaimi, Nurulafiqah.

In: GEMA Online Journal of Language Studies, Vol. 13, No. 1, 2013, p. 43-59.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{4588b095a30b41a3819dd2eb14bbe944,
title = "Sintaksis kata tanya 'Sapa' dalam dialek kedah",
abstract = "Research on the syntax of dialects are still lacking in Malaysia. Therefore, this initial study will attempt to make the most of the Kedah dialect in order to explain the characteristics and elucidate the syntactic structure of wh-question word 'sapa'. Initial observation portrays that the wh-question has two positions. The first position is known as the final position or also known as in-situ. The second position is known as initial position or also known as movement. The in-situ characteristic of 'sapa' is not in conflict with the standard grammar which holds across the board for Malay language that all question words must occur sentence initially and attached by a particle '-kah' or stay in-situ at the final position without the particle. The data for this research were gathered through a field work at Baling, Kubang Pasu, Kuala Nerang dan Kubang Rotan. This paper elucidated the characteristics of 'sapa' by employing the syntactic analysis based on the Minimalist Program framework (Chomsky, 1995). This study found that the in-situ or moved characteristics of the question word is due to the OP (Operator), VAR (variable) and the [± in-situ] factors, which are manipulated by the question word 'sapa'.",
keywords = "In-situ, Kedah dialect, Movement, Operator, Question word",
author = "{Mohamed Sultan}, {Fazal Mohamed} and Nurulafiqah Suhaimi",
year = "2013",
language = "Undefined/Unknown",
volume = "13",
pages = "43--59",
journal = "GEMA Online Journal of Language Studies",
issn = "1675-8021",
publisher = "Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Sintaksis kata tanya 'Sapa' dalam dialek kedah

AU - Mohamed Sultan, Fazal Mohamed

AU - Suhaimi, Nurulafiqah

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - Research on the syntax of dialects are still lacking in Malaysia. Therefore, this initial study will attempt to make the most of the Kedah dialect in order to explain the characteristics and elucidate the syntactic structure of wh-question word 'sapa'. Initial observation portrays that the wh-question has two positions. The first position is known as the final position or also known as in-situ. The second position is known as initial position or also known as movement. The in-situ characteristic of 'sapa' is not in conflict with the standard grammar which holds across the board for Malay language that all question words must occur sentence initially and attached by a particle '-kah' or stay in-situ at the final position without the particle. The data for this research were gathered through a field work at Baling, Kubang Pasu, Kuala Nerang dan Kubang Rotan. This paper elucidated the characteristics of 'sapa' by employing the syntactic analysis based on the Minimalist Program framework (Chomsky, 1995). This study found that the in-situ or moved characteristics of the question word is due to the OP (Operator), VAR (variable) and the [± in-situ] factors, which are manipulated by the question word 'sapa'.

AB - Research on the syntax of dialects are still lacking in Malaysia. Therefore, this initial study will attempt to make the most of the Kedah dialect in order to explain the characteristics and elucidate the syntactic structure of wh-question word 'sapa'. Initial observation portrays that the wh-question has two positions. The first position is known as the final position or also known as in-situ. The second position is known as initial position or also known as movement. The in-situ characteristic of 'sapa' is not in conflict with the standard grammar which holds across the board for Malay language that all question words must occur sentence initially and attached by a particle '-kah' or stay in-situ at the final position without the particle. The data for this research were gathered through a field work at Baling, Kubang Pasu, Kuala Nerang dan Kubang Rotan. This paper elucidated the characteristics of 'sapa' by employing the syntactic analysis based on the Minimalist Program framework (Chomsky, 1995). This study found that the in-situ or moved characteristics of the question word is due to the OP (Operator), VAR (variable) and the [± in-situ] factors, which are manipulated by the question word 'sapa'.

KW - In-situ

KW - Kedah dialect

KW - Movement

KW - Operator

KW - Question word

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84874747108&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84874747108&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 13

SP - 43

EP - 59

JO - GEMA Online Journal of Language Studies

JF - GEMA Online Journal of Language Studies

SN - 1675-8021

IS - 1

ER -